Chickenpox in the newborn - is it dangerous?
Chickenpox in newborns is rare.The reason for this disease can only be lack of immunity to chickenpox Chickenpox: painful, but not dangerous mother or her infection with chicken pox just before birth.In the latter case, it is developing congenital chickenpox, which can be severe.
In some cases, the newborn baby can become sick with chickenpox
newborn child (a child under the age of one month) can get sick chickenpox if his mother had not hurt the infection, and the child has been in contact with the patient.In this case, it is sure to chickenpox develops and runs hard.
congenital chicken pox is an infection developing in the child if the mother is sick for 2-5 days before the birth and she had no time to form the immune system.Congenital form of chickenpox occur most heavily, with the development of complications in the internal organs and the central nervous system.
If the mother before pregnancy had chickenpox or been vaccinated against it, in her blood develop antibodies to the causative agent of chickenpox and newborn child will be protected from the infection.
protection will last about three months, after which the antibody titers Antibodies - "soldiers" immunity levels decrease, andrisk of contracting chickenpox may occur.If a child under one year is on breastfeeding, along with mother's milk, he continues to receive protective antibodies against chickenpox and its duration of immunity to infection can be increased up to six months and more.If a child falls ill and, chickenpox occurs in easily.
Chickenpox in infants who are bottle-fed and infected after the age of three months, takes place, as a rule, it is difficult, because in any case, these children have impaired immunity.
Congenital chickenpox in the newborn: symptoms
Congenital chickenpox is considered in the disease of the newborn up to 11 days of life.The disease begins in fever, vomiting, and sometimes - seizures.The child refuses the breast, characterized by lethargy or, on the contrary, increased excitability.Common effects of infection continue for one - two days, after which the skin and mucous membranes of the Child there is a characteristic rash.
disease often takes the form of generalized visceral and central nervous system.This time it leads to the death of a child - may die up to a third of cases of newborns.
Chickenpox in the newborn: symptoms
If a child falls ill after 11 days of life, chickenpox is not considered to be innate.If the child was infected by his mother, then she had developed immunity to chickenpox pathogens, so the child has an infection in most cases is mild with the advent of individual elements of the rash on the skin or mucous membranes.The general condition of the newborn suffers if it is not too much.After the disease is usually life-long immunity.
Chickenpox infants: symptoms
symptoms of chicken pox in infants depends on the age of the child, the availability of immunity to chickenpox from his mother and the nature of feeding.For example, if the mother had chickenpox before and the child is breast-fed, he can under the age of six months after exposure to sick or not sick with chickenpox or move it very easily.
If the mother is ill with chicken pox, but the baby is bottle-fed, the immune system will continue for three months.After this age, a child can become infected with chickenpox, and it will take the heavier than will older.Cause severe chickenpox in this case is imperfect immunity Immunity - the types and characteristics of children in adult in children under one year.
Chickenpox an infant baby man, though with a little finger may be accompanied by symptoms of intoxication in the form of heat, refusal of food, vomiting, seizures.
Against this background, the child appear wavy deterioration, accompanied by rashes on the skin and mucous membranes.Like any other childhood infections, chicken pox in infants prone to generalization and the defeat of internal organs and the central nervous system, so is very dangerous, sometimes fatal disease and requires hospitalization of the child.
How to treat chickenpox in neonates and infants
Treatment of chickenpox in infants should take place only under the supervision of a physician.If the child's condition worsens, your doctor may recommend hospitalization.
for non-severe during the recommended drinking plenty of fluids, mainly breastfeeding (in the acute period can even abandon the imposed earlier lures).At high temperatures, the child shall be appointed by antipyretics (but not aspirin!).When the rash is accompanied by itching, appoint antihistamines (eg Fenistil drops).A rash on the skin smeared with green paint and gel fenistil.If a rash on the mucous membranes (eg mouth) can be lubricated with oil or sea buckthorn Kalgel - a tool that is used when cutting teeth in children.
Chickenpox in the newborn should be treated only on prescription.