Intestinal infections in children - a serious risk
intestinal infections in children - is always a threat to the life of the child.This is due to the fact that the younger the child, the more his body reacts violently to any infection.Very often, when the intestinal infection in children developing severe dehydration and complications of the central nervous system.
What can cause intestinal infections in children
most common cause of intestinal infections in children are viruses, mainly enteroviruses and rotaviruses, but there may be other viruses such as adenoviruses.Intestinal bacterial infections occur in children less often, they are usually caused by Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli.
Unlike adults children intestinal infections often also caused by protozoa such as Giardia.Giardiasis can occur in a child with severe symptoms, whereas in adults more frequently asymptomatic carriers of Giardia.
all intestinal infections are transmitted through hands, household items, food and water contaminated with the feces of the patient.Viral intestinal infections can also be transmitted through airborne droplets when coughing, sneezing, talking, since they are usually affected, and upper respiratory tract.
Salmonellosis in children
Salmonellosis - an acute intestinal infection of bacterial origin, caused by a salmonella.Salmonellosis is more common in summer and autumn.The incubation period for salmonellosis lasts from a few hours to three days.
Salmonellosis can be transmitted as from a sick person, and by eating eggs or meat from animals infected with salmonella.
Proceeds salmonellosis Salmonellosis - especially disease in children is usually quite difficult.Starts disease with nausea, vomiting, weakness and raising the temperature to 39˚S.After a while there pulling cramping around the stomach and profuse watery stools a greenish color to 10-15 times a day.The disease lasts up to a week or more and may be accompanied by severe dehydration and intoxication.
Salmonellosis can be complicated by the formation of foci of inflammation in the internal organs.In addition, after suffering salmonellosis in children is usually sharply reduced immunity, and they start to get sick often colds, aggravated chronic diseases.
Treat salmonellosis in children are usually in the hospital, the child is assigned to drink plenty of liquids, light diet, antibiotic therapy.With a significant loss of fluid administered with saline drip.
Enterovirus infection in children
Enterovirus infection - a disease caused by viruses of the genus enterovirus, and manifests itself in the form of a variety of symptoms.Human Enteroviruses are mainly represented by four types (A, B, C, D), each of which has its own specific serotypes (Coxsackie, ECHO, enteroviruses 68-95).
source of infection is a sick person or a virus carrier, the disease is passed through the hands, water or food contaminated with feces and airborne.Enteroviruses are unstable, are rapidly destroyed by exposure to sunlight, but can permanently stored in the water (tap water survive 18 days).
have a sick child enteroviruses are found in blood, urine, stool and nasopharynx day before the onset of symptoms and continue to stand out during the week of the upper respiratory tract, and within one month from the feces.
peak incidence of enterovirus infection Enterovirus infection - whether it is the danger? in the spring and autumn.
enterovirus infection incubation period lasts on average - for about a week (from two days to a month or more).There are different clinical forms eterovirusnoy infections, including serous meningitis Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges and intestinal form.
Serous meningitis often runs hard, but the intestinal form of enterovirus infection usually runs a mild and sometimes asymptomatic.Only in young children it is sometimes hard for.
Onset is usually acute: a fever, a headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms , flatulence, loose stools from 5 to 15 times a day.Complicated disease (including dehydration) rare, usually ends in recovery of the child.
Treatment of intestinal form of enterovirus infection - light diet, drinking plenty of fluids, interferons (viferon), stimulators of endogenous interferon (tsikloferon), symptomatic treatment.
Dehydration and to prevent it give the child to drink plenty: weak tea, boiled water with a small amount of salt or pharmacy saline (eg rehydron).
intestinal infections in children need immediate treatment to the doctor, because at any moment the child's condition can rapidly deteriorate.Infants with an intestinal infection should be hospitalized.