Herpes treatment in children - not an easy task
Herpes treatment in children - a difficult task, it is only by a specialist.A feature of any childhood infection is the tendency to generalize the process, that is, to its spread to all the organs and systems.The younger the child, the higher the risk of generalization of herpes - which is why the child to treat herpes can be entrusted only to a doctor.
Basic principles of treatment of herpes in children
main causative agent of herpes infection in children is herpes simplex virus type 1 Herpes type 1 - is rarely a significant threat to human - HSV-1.This virus is often embedded in the body of the child between the ages of 3 and 7 years, and remains there forever.Remove it from the body impossible, so such a problem to the doctor and not worth it.
principle of treating herpes in children is based on the fact that during primary infection and chronic recurrent herpes should suppress the multiplication of HSV-1 and deprive him of his activity.This is achieved by administering antivirals.
inactive herpes virus "hides in the nerve ganglia cells (usually in the trigeminal ganglia, located in the cranial cavity), and does not manifest itself until such time until there are suitable conditions for its propagation.Such conditions occur when the immune protection of the child abuse.Replication of the virus leads to a relapse.Therefore, the second objective of the treatment of herpes in children is to strengthen immunity Immunity - help the immune system .
Herpes Antiviral therapy in children
Antiviral therapy may be the system (with an impact on the entire body) and local or outdoor.Antiviral drugs for systemic effects often makes sense to appoint primary herpes when he runs hard, with high fever, intoxication and significant lesions of the skin and mucous membranes.
as an antiviral drug for systemic effects in children is most often used acyclovir Acyclovir - as it is safe? , which is well tolerated in children and is usually no side effects.Dose and duration of its use doctor prescribes individually.In the home treatment administered acyclovir tablets.If the child requires hospitalization, acyclovir often administered by injection.
more efficient and modern drugs of this series Valtrex and Famvir in children are rarely enforced, as there is still little experience of their use in pediatrics.
Symptomatic therapy in children herpes
Sometimes herpes in children runs hard, with high fever, intoxication and impaired consciousness.In such cases, to relieve him of the child prescribed drugs that reduce symptoms of the disease.
First of all, such a child is required to lower the temperature, reduce pain and swelling in inflamed skin and mucous membranes.For this purpose, the most suitable drugs from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents.Very good lower temperature drugs such as Nurofen, ibuprofen, ibuklin.At the same time they reduce the inflammation and swelling of the tissues, relieves pain.
If significant swelling, then further prescribe antihistamines such as suprastin or tavegil - they are well removed swelling, burning and itching and also cause drowsiness - the child can sleep.
external and local agent for the treatment of herpes in children
for non-severe herpes during prescribed antiviral drugs for external and local application.In most children with this purpose prescribed Zovirax cream, which is applied on the affected skin and the mucous membranes of every 4 hours for at least four days.For speedy bubbles prisyhaniya them smeared with aniline dyes.For example, a rash on the skin can be lubricated with 1% alcoholic solution of brilliant green.Suitable well or 5% solution of potassium permanganate.
When rash on the mucous membrane of the mouth can be treated with a solution furatsilina, an aqueous solution of methylene blue, infusions and decoctions of herbs - St. John's wort, calendula, chamomile.
In severe herpes appointment cream Zovirax Zovirax - time-proven antiviral drug can be combined with the appointment of antiviral drugs for systemic effects.
most common drugs immunomodulators children do not prescribe.Exceptions are drugs interferon, for example, viferon with rectal suppositories - this drug activates all kinds of immunity and has antiviral action.
Beyond acute herpes strengthens the immune system with the help of a balanced diet, prolonged exposure to the outdoors, destination vitamin-mineral complexes, and so on.In children, this is usually enough.If the herpes recurrences continue to repeat often, contact the immunologist to check immunity - for this there are special laboratory tests (blood immunogram).Immunomodulators immunologist appointed strictly on the results of the survey.