Herpes in children - less than in adults
- herpes in children - less often than adults
herpes in children is less common than in adults, however, it is not such andrare.Dispatched by this disease to children from adults and other children with acute exacerbation of herpes infection, as this disease is very contagious.If the child's body has got the herpes virus, it stays there forever.
As the baby can become infected with herpes
there be herpes in children?Does the child herpes?Certainly, the case, and is transmitted as it is a very contagious disease.Child transmission can occur in the implementation of the herpes virus in the body, which after implementation stays there for life.
source of infection is a sick man with his existing symptoms of herpes.The causative agent of infection in this case most often herpes simplex viruses Herpes simplex - actually not so simple and varicella zoster virus.There are two types of herpes simplex viruses: HSV-1 (it causes cold sores on the lips, oral mucosa in the throat) and HSV-2 (the causative agent of genital herpes).
child transmission of HSV-1 occurs most often after the age of three or four years, before the age of introduction of the virus prevent antibodies obtained from mother to child duringfetal development, and with the milk in the first year of life.Children infected with a kiss, in contact with saliva in the patient's airway during conversation, coughing, sneezing, through objects, which remained the saliva of the patient.With this infection herpes symptoms appear within a few days.And manifests itself in the form of characteristic rash on the lips, sores, or herpes angina Herpangina - a mild form of the disease .Primary herpes often occurs hardly, but the subsequent flow easily generally as "cold" on the lips.Adults almost all infected with HSV-1.
child transmission of HSV-2 is also possible, but is much rarer.At the same time cold sores appear on the genitals.
The cause of herpes can also be the causative agent of chicken pox varicella zoster virus (herpes virus type 3).A child who has had chickenpox, the causative agent does not disappear, and hides in the nerve ganglia throughout life.By reducing the herpes virus immunity in children to multiply and cause characteristic changes in the skin - herpes zoster Shingles and chickenpox - from the same pathogen or zoster Ringworm - not only infectious disease .Shingles usually occurs in the elderly, but may appear in debilitated children previously undergone chickenpox.
neonatal herpes Infection can occur in utero (if a woman is infected with herpes for the first time during pregnancy), during birth during passage through the birth canal infected with the herpes virus, as well as after birth from the mother or other people suffering from herpes.
How is neonatal herpes
Regardless of how the infection occurred, herpes in newborns (neonatal herpes) takes very seriously.It is particularly difficult for intrauterine infection.In this disease, the herpes virus in neonates causes multiple lesions of internal organs (liver, kidneys, lungs, and others), brain and spinal cord.A child with intrauterine herpes infection if survives, it remains disabled.
Upon infection during childbirth and post-natal herpes infection milder, sometimes only in the form of damage to the skin or mucous membranes.Nevertheless, a process that tends to generalize and spread to all the organs and systems of the child.
There are three forms of neonatal herpes:
- limited - with skin lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth, eyes;
- with central nervous system - developed meningoencephalitis, mental retardation;
- disseminated - develop microcephaly (a decrease in the volume of the brain), severe eye and so on.
herpes in children under one year - for the symptoms and
Herpes an infant developing quite rare because infants still have a good immune system, referred to them by the mother during fetal development and breastfeeding.
Infection HSV 1 may be the case if the child is weakened (for example, was born prematurely, is lagging behind in physical development, had been ill with some acute illness, and so on).Infection with HSV-2 are also possible - this type of herpes simplex virus quickly spread by contact.
primary herpes in infants can be severe, with lesions of the oral mucosa (stomatitis), gums (gingivitis), pharyngeal (herpangina).Herpes may appear on the child's cheek, herpes on the child's language and so on.As a rule, the disease occurs with a high fever, sometimes with impaired consciousness and convulsions.But this is not always, and sometimes primary herpes occurs and lightweight, with a slight temperature and "cold" on the lips.
herpes in infants in the form of recurrent infections, including herpes in flows year-old child is usually not heavy.