Diathesis in children - an integrated approach
Some children suffer from birth rash, then cold, bronchial asthma Bronchial asthma - the body's response inadequate and other allergic diseases in the wonderful care and feeding only hypoallergenic products.At the same time, others are not aware of such problems, eat everything, not afraid of contact with the dust and various volatile substances.Why is this happening?
Some children are born with an allergic predisposition, and from which they will live forever.This predisposition is called atopy.Atopy in infancy is usually manifested in the form of atopic dermatitis Dermatitis - what to do with the inflamed skin? , which used to be called exudative diathesis.
diathesis - a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin of an allergic nature, having basically hereditary reasons.Atopy can be with respect to many types of allergens: food, dust, food, drug, bacterial, viral, etc.
diathesis may eventually move on to other, more serious forms of allergy, such as allergic rhinitis or asthma - this is called the atopic march.All these forms of allergy may occur in a child, and at the same time, some form of the disease called allergic triad.
diathesis in children may begin very early, from the very first months of life.Its current is divided into three stages: infant, child and adolescent or adult.All these steps occur with exacerbations and light intervals, and by adolescence, most children outgrow and get rid of the diathesis.
diathesis in infancy (infant stage)
Infant diathesis begins with the first months of life and lasts up to two years.He proceeds in the form of moist or dry diathesis.
weeping form of diathesis manifests severe itching, swelling and skin rash in the form of elevations or bubbles, which then burst and form moist areas covered with crusts on the face, buttocks, upper and lower extremities.Sometimes all these manifestations associated infection and abscesses on the skin appear.
dry form diathesis characterized by dryness of the skin, redness and swelling it in some places.On the skin pours itching, towering above the skin rash, combing formed crusts and ulcers.
sometimes dry and weeping form of combined or transferred in one form of another.
diathesis in age from 2 to 10 years (children's stage)
baby begins stage of the disease is usually at the age of two years and continues to 10-12 years.The skin in the natural folds appear dense swelling, redness, small itchy rash, scaling with many scales.Often such pockets arranged symmetrically.
diathesis in adolescence (adolescent or adult stage)
Most children go to the phenomenon diathesis 14-15 years.The rest of the children's diathesis becomes the adult stage called neurodermatitis.In this case, the period of acute in some areas there is severe itching of the skin, the skin becomes dry, thicker skin with a pronounced pattern with deep grooves.This phenomenon is called lichenification and appears often on the neck, elbow and popliteal fossa, inner thighs, perineum.
Treatment of diathesis in children
diathesis in children - is not just a skin disease Skin diseases - what to do when violated the basic functions of the skin , a disease of the whole organism, so the child should receive comprehensive treatmentcapable of simultaneously affect all manifestations of the disease.The primary goal of treatment is to prevent the occurrence of exacerbations diathesis.
children prescribed diet with exception identified in the survey of allergens and products with higher allergenicity.Within a few months, constantly consulting with the doctor, the parents of the child to form an individual hypoallergenic diet hypoallergenic diet - salvation for stomach .Then gradually to this diet includes individual products (only one product and be very careful!).
allergist explain to parents how the need for careful hygiene of the child's environment, and the exclusion of items that can cause allergic reactions in the baby.It is necessary to vacate the apartment from unnecessary things, daily wet cleaning, books and clothing store in closed cabinets, use air purifiers, thoroughly ventilate the apartment, do not keep the home of indoor plants, animals and fish, cleaning the bathroom issue with solutions, prevents the growth of mold annuallychange the pillow on which the baby sleeps.All
child's treatment, the patient diathesis, must be carried out by a doctor.Of great importance in the treatment given to the care of his skin: the child should bathe daily in dechlorinated water (sedimentation in the bath for 1-2 hours followed by the addition of boiling water).When bathing, do not use a washcloth, detergents should have a neutral pH (5,5), after bathing the skin should be slightly wet and dry areas of increased apply a special cream for the skin care of the child, the patient diathesis.
diathesis in a child - is often a hereditary disease, but compliance with all the doctor's recommendations will help avoid allergy symptoms.