Pneumonia - is a general term that refers to infection of the lungs caused by a variety of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.In most cases, pneumonia is caused by viruses, such as adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, influenza viruses Influenza - expect the unexpected but always , respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus.
Often pneumonia in both children and adults, begins after an upper respiratory infection.
Signs and symptoms of pneumonia in children
Signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary, depending on the child's age and the reasons that caused the disease.The most common symptoms are:
- Fever Chills Cough
- nasal congestion, runny nose
- Rapid breathing (in some cases it may be the only symptom)
- Shortness of breath in which is seen as the intercostal muscles tense during eachinhalation
- Vomiting Chest pain
- abdominal pain
- Reduced activity
- In extreme cases, bluish or gray color of the lips and fingertips
Children with pneumonia caused by bacteria, the symptoms are usuallyIt appears very quickly - it may look like a sudden attack of fever, accompanied by shortness of breath.With viral pneumonia symptoms appear gradually and are usually milder, although wheezing is more often when viral pneumonia.
Some symptoms of pneumonia make it possible to understand exactly what microbes cause disease.For example, older children and adolescents with pneumonia, caused by a mycoplasma, there are a sore throat, headache and skin rashes, along with the usual symptoms of pneumonia.
In infants, pneumonia due to chlamydia may be accompanied by conjunctivitis, with little discomfort, and body temperature only slightly increases.
incubation period depends on the type of pneumonia.If the causative agent of the disease - respiratory syncytial virus, the first symptoms appear 4-6 days after infection;If pneumonia is caused by the influenza virus, the incubation period is only eighteen to seventy-two hours.
With adequate treatment of bacterial pneumonia in most cases be cured within one or two weeks.Viral pneumonia may last longer.Full recovery from mycoplasma pneumonia Mycoplasma pneumonia - respiratory pathogens comes only after 4-6 weeks.
Viruses and bacteria that cause pneumonia, usually contagious.Typically, they are present in the fluids of the mouth and nose of patients.The disease can be spread by airborne droplets, and when used with patients the same dish.
from certain varieties of pneumonia vaccines exist.From many of these children are vaccinated during the first months of life.Children with chronic illnesses, which is particularly high risk of developing pneumonia, sometimes need additional vaccinations or regular medications, strengthens the immune system immune system - how it works? .It is strongly recommended to be vaccinated against pathogens of pneumonia in children with chronic disorders of the heart, lungs and asthma patients.
If a family where there is a baby who is sick with pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe preventive antibiotics child Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? .
To reduce the risk of infection, it is necessary to allocate the patient a separate bowl and a towel.If possible, reduce contact with a sick child.Let the kid as much fruit and vitamins (if the age), walk with him in the fresh air.All this helps strengthen the overall health and if contamination does occur, probably the disease will occur in a relatively soft manner.
When to see a doctor
When the child has the following symptoms of pneumonia should immediately seek medical help:
- shortness of breath or rapid breathing
- The skin on the lips and fingertips acquired a bluish or grayish
- body temperature above38.9S, 38C or higher in children younger than six months