Measles in children - may cause serious complications
Measles - a highly contagious disease caused by a virus.It is characterized by abundant rash that covers the entire body, fever, cough and runny nose.A child with measles need bed rest, drinking plenty of fluids and, if possible, the isolation to avoid infecting others.Under isolation meant the content of the patient in a separate room and use their individual dishes, towels, and so on.
Symptoms of measles
most obvious symptom of measles is an extensive skin rash, but before she has a dry cough dry cough - whether to worry about it? , runny nose, fever and redness of the eyes.A characteristic feature of measles are Koplik's spots - small red spots with blue-white centers that appear in the mouth.Skin child with measles looks reddish, rough and flaky.Usually, a rash appears on the forehead, then spreads all over the face, neck and body.
Measles - highly infectious disease.90% are not vaccinated against it the people living in the same house with the patient, infected with measles.The disease is transmitted through airborne droplets or by physical contact.A person with measles, it is contagious 1-2 days before the onset of symptoms;the chance of infection is maintained for approximately 4 days after the rash appears.
Currently, children in Russia and many other countries make the mandatory vaccination against measles immunized against measles - will protect your baby from serious childhood infection .Despite this, every year hundreds of recorded cases of the disease, which, however, is very low compared with that was before the introduction of compulsory vaccination.
Currently, children are vaccinated against measles and other diseases soon after birth.Action vaccine begins in about 72 hours.Vaccinations do not only rarely - for example, in certain allergic reactions in children.
Side effects of vaccinations
vaccination against measles can cause side effects, including, in general, have healthy children.The most common reaction is a rise in body temperature between day 6 and 12 after vaccination (occurs in approximately 5-15% of the children who were vaccinated).Approximately 5% of children after vaccination appear rash, resembling symptoms of measles.The child is sick with measles and is not contagious.The rash goes away on its own within a few days.
measles there is no specific medication - the virus gradually to pass himself.The symptoms persist, the average for two weeks.At this time, the child should get plenty of rest and avoid staying outdoors.If he has a high fever and headaches, you can use OTC antipyretic such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug .Do not give your child aspirin - medicines containing acetylsalicylic acid, are associated with an increased risk of severe and often life-threatening condition - Reye's syndrome.
The state of children with measles should closely follow the doctor.In some cases, measles lead to complications such as otitis media Otitis - than could face an ear infection , croup, diarrhea, pneumonia and encephalitis (a severe infection of the brain).In some of these diseases require treatment with antibiotics or hospitalization.
In developing countries, children with measles often given vitamin A - it reduces the risk of dangerous complications.In developed countries, vitamin B is sometimes given to patients with measles for children aged 6 months to 2 years, which required hospitalization.In addition, vitamin A is recommended for all patients with measles for children older than 6 months, who have risk factors such as a weakened immune system and malnutrition.