Asthma - disease of the airways characterized by an increased sensitivity of the bronchi to various stimuli - allergens, cigarette smoke, or infectious agents.The main symptoms of asthma in children - sneezing, coughing or shortness of breath.After strenuous exercise or disease symptoms worsen.Before diagnosing asthma, a pediatrician will conduct a thorough examination to identify other possible causes of these symptoms.
How can parents help the child to prevent an asthma attack?
only way to prevent asthma attacks - protect your child from exposure to hazards, the so-called triggers (allergens) and irritants that cause asthma attacks.Here are the most common allergens and irritants:
- Air pollution
- Mold Pollen Tobacco smoke
- animal hair
- Exercise Changes in temperature Some foods
- Sulfite (food preservative usedin red wine, beer, soups and other foods)
- aspirin or ibuprofen Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- Respiratory Tract Infections
- Strong emotions and stress Asbeat stress?Create an oasis
- Spray deodorant
How to protect your child from asthma allergens?
If asthma symptoms are caused by Inhalation of mold and pollen, install air conditioning and a good home without having to try not to open the windows (including car).Most change the filter in the air conditioning system of a house.
to prevent the formation of mold, carefully remove the bathroom, the kitchen and the basement.Remember that moisture level should not exceed 50% (to maintain normal levels of moisture, use the air conditioner or dehumidifier).
People who suffer from allergies to dust, in fact, suffer from allergies to dust particles.To prevent the accumulation of dust, every week wash bedding in hot water.On the mattresses and pillows should be put on special airtight covers and carpets and bedspreads better very clean.If you can not remove all the carpets, do not forget to treat them with special chemicals that prevent the formation of dust.Do not keep at home a stuffed animal, artificial or dried flowers and other items on which dust accumulates.
pets can also cause allergies, so a pet you need to restrict access to the bedroom.
not smoke at home or in the car in the presence of a child and do not let others do it.Tobacco smoke increases asthma only.
Gives in whether asthma in children treated?
There are two main types of medicines that help in the treatment of asthma.The first type of medication taken to stop an asthma attack.These drugs help in that case, if the child has started to choke, - they open the airways and reduce swelling Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause of .
second type of medication used to prevent asthma attacks.They prevent airway edema.Such drugs should be taken daily.Select the appropriate medication can help the pediatrician.