Lingonberry - a source of vitamins and a diuretic
Mankind has long enjoyed with herbal medicines and only at the end of the 19th century came the first synthetic drugs.Experience of treatment plants handed down from generation to generation and even today many people prefer to be treated in that nature gave us.And nature has not stinted: many plants have medicinal properties.Lingonberry belongs to the family of heather, it grows as a small evergreen shrubs to 30 cm tall, with a well-developed underground runners.Above-ground parts of the plant slightly branched gray-brown, covered with leaves.Leaves cranberries leathery, with a slightly curved bottom edges are stored in the winter.Flowers with chetyrehzubchatoy cup, located at the tips of branches, gathered in hanging brush.The fruit - red berries sour with numerous small seeds, kept under the snow until spring.
cranberries Blossoms in May-June, fruiting in August and September, in some areas blooms and bears fruit the second in October and even in November.It occurs usually in dry (but sometimes in raw) of pine or fir forests, sunny glades, among the grass, peat bogs, on poor sandy soil does not contain potassium or acidic humus - all of heather grow in acidic soils, can not tolerate alkaline.This is due to the fact that almost all characterized by heather cohabitation (symbiosis) with mushrooms (fungi for normal development requires an acidic environment it): the roots of plants with fungal braided yarns, the heather is obtained from fungi of humus substances, mushrooms get the same - substances producedplants.
In the middle of the twentieth century there were cultural plantations of cranberries, which yields considerably exceed the yield of wild berries.
Berries cranberries used in the food industry for the saccharification, preparation of jam, marmalade, fillings for chocolates, drinks, etc.They are consumed fresh and candied form, kvass with cabbage, wet apples.Dry powder fruits cranberries are used for the preparation of jellies and marmalades.Fresh berries cooked kvass, juice, juice.The leaves are brewed as a tea.Of great importance is cranberries, and as a medicinal plant.
Medicinal raw materials are leaves and fruits cranberries.The leaves are harvested in late autumn or early spring.To do this, cut whole branches and pluck them with healthy green leaves, which are then dried in the shade at a temperature of about 20 ° C.Properly collected and well-dried leaves have a natural color, bitter and astringent taste is not odorless.Leaves cranberries contain many useful substances (flavonoids, organic acids, tannins), but the main component responsible for their therapeutic effect, a glycoside arbutin with a disinfectant and diuretic properties.Leaves cranberries are used in inflammatory diseases of the kidney and urinary tract, gallstones and kidney disease, reduced gastric acidity, rheumatism, gout.
berries lingonberry juice also contains a number of nutrients (vitamins, arbutin, organic acids, and others.), Has a mild sedative and disinfectant action, lowers blood pressure slightly Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing? , has diuretic and antipyretic effect, increases motor activity of the intestine.Fresh and dried berries are used as a source of vitamins and a diuretic, in violation of mineral metabolism, with stones in the urinary and biliary tract, tuberculosis, inflammation of the joints Inflammation of the joints - how to relieve the pain? (especially in the early stages of the disease).
preparation of a medicament cranberry
For the treatment of cranberry prepare various dosage forms of drugs.
- decoction of leaves cranberries: tablespoon dried crushed leaves of bilberry pour two cups of hot water, boil for 15 minutes over low heat, allow to cool, strain, bring the volume to the original level and drinking on a tablespoon 5-6 times a dayhalf an hour before meals with kidney and urinary tract.
- Infusion of leaves cranberries: tablespoon chopped leaves pour a glass of boiling water, leave for two hours, filter and take a tablespoon four times a day for half an hour before meals with kidney, liver, diarrhea, gout Gout - "diseaseKings » , rheumatism Rheumatism - possible heart complications .
- tea leaves cranberries: a teaspoon of crushed leaves pour a glass of boiling water, leave for half an hour, then an infusion filter and take a quarter cup three times a day for half an hour before meals with gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice.
- infusion of cranberries berries: a glass of berries pour two cups of boiling water, leave for 5-6 hours and drink half a cup four times a day for half an hour before a meal in diseases of the urinary and biliary tract.
the treatment of any drugs, prepared on the basis of cranberries, need to take into account the fact that the glycoside arbutin gets disinfecting properties only in an alkaline medium, so use of these drugs must be combined with the reception of alkaline mineral water.
Cranberry - one of the most valuable medicinal plants.