Healing properties of chamomile has long been known, the ancient Greeks used it to relieve the heat and noble Roman - for the treatment of gynecological diseases, cleaning and whitening skin, giving a special color and shine.In Russia, chamomile extract used in the treatment of pustular skin diseases, septic wounds and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
There are many kinds of daisies, but with the purpose of treatment used chamomile - an annual herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family.Preparations made from chamomile, have disinfectant and anti-inflammatory properties have moderate antispasmodic (relieves spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs, mainly the gastrointestinal tract) and a laxative effect.
Stem pharmacy chamomile naked, branching, leaves dvoyakoperistorassechennye into linear segments.Flower basket of about 1.5 cm in diameter, composed of white edge reed and yellow tubular flowers Interior.Receptacle conical, naked, inside hollow.The smell of the flowers
Pharmacy Chamomile is most common in the steppe zone of Ukraine and Crimea, the North Caucasus.As medicinal plants flower baskets are used, which are collected from both wild and cultivated plants with early flowering, when the reed flowers take a horizontal position.
Composition and therapeutic effect of chamomile pharmacy
Flower baskets contain essential oil characteristic blue color, the main active principle of which is chamazulene, heoil gives the same blue color.In addition to essential oil Essential oils and conception: can help roses? daisy contains organic acids, flavanoids, coumarins, mucous, vitamins (ascorbic acid, and carotene), bitterness and some other substances.
therapeutic effect of chamomile pharmacy due to complex substances contained therein.The essential oil has a calming, disinfectant and protivovostpalitelnymi properties, flavonoids and coumarins have antispasmodic effect, stop the bleeding, reduces the permeability and capillary fragility, bitterness increase the secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tract and mucous substances give laxative effect.The organic acids contained in chamomile, activates metabolic processes.In addition, the pharmacy chamomile has anti-allergic properties.
Indications and contraindications for the use of chamomile pharmacy
Pharmacy chamomile is used as a tincture, which appointed interior, enemas (with diarrhea, flatulence and intestinal cramps), or externally for lotions, baths and rinses as an antiseptic andbinders.
Inside the pharmacy daisy be appointed as a sedative for nervous system diseases (epilepsy, neurosis, including hysteria, and so on), as well as painful menstruation, as a diaphoretic at high temperature.In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it relieves cramps and flatulence.In diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract chamomile is used as part of various charges.
Externally the infusion of chamomile is used to treat septic wounds, pustular rash, bathing children with diathesis diathesis in children - an integrated approach , eczema and boils.Chamomile rinse the throat with tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis, stomatitis and diseases of the teeth.In various inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs infusion of chamomile are used for irrigation Douching - a controversial procedure .For pains in the joints Joint pain - how to understand what is going on? chamomile can make hot poultice.
contraindicated in pregnancy chamomile and chamomile are hypersensitive.
How to prepare an infusion of chamomile
infusion of chamomile for oral administration is prepared at the rate of a tablespoon of crushed flowers per cup of boiling water.For external use is preparing a more concentrated infusion - two tablespoons per cup of boiling water.
for poultices 3-4 tablespoons of flowers pour boiling water until a thick pasty mass.The hot slurry is spread on a cloth and apply to the affected area for half an hour.
Pharmacies selling drug, prepared on the basis of chamomile pharmacy - romazulon which has protivovospaitelnymi and deodorant (destroys odors) properties.Romazulon administered orally in the form of enemas and externally for inflammatory diseases of the skin and mucous membranes (trophic ulcers, stomatitis, gastritis, kolptitah and so on).
not allowed to used as a drug mayweed, which differs from the pharmacy chamomile smell and lack of some form of receptacle.
Chamomile - a wonderful folk remedy, which should be in every home medicine cabinet.