Sugar in the blood of pregnant women: how not to miss the right moment
blood sugar in pregnant women may increase, sometimes it becomes a persistent increase is called gestational diabetes mellitus or gestational diabetes.Increased blood sugar may affect the condition of the pregnant woman and the fetus, therefore it is very important to promptly detect such changes.
How does blood sugar during pregnancy
during pregnancy under the influence of hormones and an increased burden on the pancreas, blood sugar levels can vary.In a normal blood sugar fasting healthy person is 3.5-5.5 mmol / l, two hours after a meal - 7.8 mmol / l.During pregnancy, glucose Glucose: The energy source in the blood under the influence of hormones is reduced - it is quickly absorbed, since the cells mother and child requires glucose for energy.
Especially a lot of glucose is required in the third trimester, when the fetus is already sufficient weight.For the assimilation of large amounts of glucose by tissues should also be much insulin.Insulin - a hormone which is produced by special cells in the pancreas, it helps cells absorb glucose tissue.
In healthy pregnant women blood glucose level is lower compared to non-pregnant women.This is due to a change in metabolism and hormonal status during pregnancy.
Normally the blood of pregnant women, fasting, contains 4-5,2 mmol / l sugar.Two hours after eating, this figure should not be higher than 6.7 mmol / l.At higher rates of women spend an additional examination.
What causes gestational diabetes mellitus
During pregnancy, the cells that produce insulin, work with high load, secreting insulin in large quantities.However, they can not cope with its task, which results in an increase in blood sugar.The reason for raising the blood sugar of a pregnant woman can be and reducing resistance (susceptibility) of tissue cells to insulin Principles of insulin - the science saves lives under the influence of hormones.
However, diabetes mellitus - threatening and incurable disease pregnancy does not develop in all women.For its development requires a number of predisposing factors.It obesity, family history (diabetes in the immediate family), age over 30 years, the presence of the past abortion, obstructed labor, miscarriage, birth of children of large (more than 4 kg in weight) or dead children, polyhydramnios, diabetes during a previous pregnancy, malformations of children born earlier.
presence of such risk factors should alert the obstetrician-gynecologist of female consultation.Women who are at risk for diabetes, watch carefully.
How does elevated blood sugar on the condition of the pregnant woman
rise in blood sugar in pregnant women may adversely affect the status of all of its organs and tissues.But it is especially dangerous for the blood vessels.As you know, in the second half of pregnancy increases the risk of congestion in the smallest blood vessels - capillaries that promotes the development of preeclampsia - toxicosis second half of pregnancy, flowing with edema, high blood pressure, severe complications from the kidney and the brain.An increase in blood sugar condition of capillaries may be violated, which in turn increases the risk of preeclampsia and severe.
rise in blood sugar in pregnant women also helps reduce the immune system and the development of infections, especially infections of the kidneys and urinary tract.It is also possible the development of miscarriage Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing? and premature birth.
How does elevated blood sugar on the condition of the fetus
Women with diabetes are born, as a rule, children with more weight.This increases the risk of injury to the baby during delivery.During pregnancy, the organs and tissues of the child loses glucose, which leads to disruption of all types of metabolism and impairment in varying degrees, the function of all organs and systems.
A child born to mothers with diabetes also increases the risk of infectious complications, which is associated with impaired immunity.Typically, these babies require special monitoring.Sometimes, in a intensive care unit.After discharge, the child will have a long rehabilitation period with mandatory supervision of children's neurologist, because for all violations of exchange in the first to suffer brain.
blood sugar during pregnancy - is a key indicator.Only systematic monitoring of blood sugar may prevent the development of complications of pregnancy.