- Pregnancy and folic acid - promotes the development of the baby
According to studies, the daily intake of the recommended daily allowance of folic acid for at least one monthbefore conception and during the first trimester, 50-70% reduces the risk of neural tube defects in the fetus.Some scholars also suggest that the consumption of sufficient amounts of folic acid in pregnancy may reduce the risk of other birth defects such as cleft lip, cleft palate, and certain violations related to the work of the heart.
What is folic acid
If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant in the near future, folic acid (or vitamin B9) is needed you for several reasons.It helps prevent neural tube defects - a general name for the group of serious congenital disorders associated with the spinal cord (eg, spina bifida) or the brain (eg, anencephaly).Neural tube defects start to develop very early in pregnancy, in most cases - before a woman finds out that she was pregnant.
Folic acid is essential for the body to produce healthy red blood cells and prevent anemia.It is also one of the most important substances that contribute to the restoration and normal functioning of DNA.Therefore, consumption of sufficient amounts of folic acid is essential for the rapid multiplication of cells in the placenta and the growing fetus in the body.
Based on the results of some studies can suggest that folic acid helps reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia - a violation, dangerous for pregnant womenand for her unborn child.
How much folic acid you need
To reduce the risk of neural tube defects in the baby, it is recommended to take 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid per day for at least one month before the plannedconception.Since at least half of all pregnancies are unplanned, doctors strongly advised to take a folic acid for all women of childbearing age.After pregnancy a daily dose of folic acid should be increased to 600 mg.
The neural tube, which develops from the spine and the brain child begins to form around the third week of pregnancy.As for its proper development requires folic acid, it is very important to take it before pregnancy and during the first trimester.Follow the basic principles of healthy eating Healthy eating - do not limit yourself to eating , and carefully read the labels of vitamin supplements to make sure that you get enough folic acid.If a multivitamin that you take too little, buy other vitamins.Do not take multivitamins at the same time different - so you can exceed the recommended daily dose of folic acid, but it can be dangerous to health.
prenatal vitamins generally contain from 800 to 1000 micrograms of folate.Do not take vitamins, which contain more than 1,200 micrograms of folic acid, unless they have been prescribed by a doctor.This is especially important for those who adhered to a strict vegetarian diet.Such people often develop vitamin B12 deficiency, and deficiency diagnosis will be difficult, if the excess in the body of folic acid Folic acid - the surplus may be hazardous to health .
who need more folic acid
Women suffering from obesity, for unknown reasons, while the likelihood of having a baby with neural tube defects is above average.Therefore, women who have an overweight or obese prior to the planned conception it is necessary to consult a doctor and maybe undergo a thorough medical examination.In some cases, your doctor may recommend that these women take 400 micrograms of folic acid a day.(However, on their own to increase the dose of folic acid should not be, even if you have been diagnosed with obesity).
If a previous pregnancy in children patients have been identified neural tube defects, before the next pregnancy it must be examined by a doctor.Without any medical treatment the likelihood of neural tube defects in the child of a woman is 2-5% - does not seem very much, but this figure is significantly higher than normal.Fortunately, the risk can be reduced by taking a very large doses of folic acid.The optimal dose should determine physician.
Women with diabetes and those taking antiepileptic drugs, there is also an increased risk of having a child with a neural tube defect.
If you are at risk, you should, firstly, take extra precautions to prevent unintended pregnancies, and, secondly, to be examined for a few months before you plan to conceive.
Dietary sources of folic acid
Ironically, many studies show that the body is much better absorbs the synthetic form of vitamin B9 (it is often called folic acid) than its natural form (folate), whichfound in certain foods.Some enriched synthetic products also contain folic acid, but most women do not consume them regularly, so they are generally not a major source of vitamin B9.
The richest natural sources of folic acid include lentils, dried beans and peas, dark green vegetables (such as broccoli and spinach), cabbage, turnips, okra, asparagus, citrus fruits and juices from them.
However, during pregnancy, these food supplements can not replace, which include folic acid Folic acid - the value is difficult to overestimate .The fact that the addition of folic acid is almost completely absorbed, while only partially digested folate.Moreover, the natural folic acid may deteriorate during storage and heat treatment products.Therefore, pregnant women and those planning to become pregnant in the near future, it is strongly recommended to take supplements containing folic acid, or have a large number of products enriched with this substance.
Symptoms of folate deficiency
signs of folate deficiency may be diarrhea, lack of appetite, weight loss, weakness, sensitivity and tenderness tongue, heart palpitations and irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood .If the deficit is insignificant, it may not cause any symptoms at all.It happens that women know that they do not have enough folic acid only after their children have revealed serious malformations.To prevent folate deficiency is much easier than to deal with its consequences.