Vaginitis in pregnancy - a consequence of hormonal changes
- vaginitis during pregnancy - a consequence of hormonal changes
Any infection during pregnancy can "raise its head" and activated.Are no exception, and vaginitis.The reason for this phenomenon - hormonal changes, which suppress the immune system.This physiological response that is needed to the immune system does not remove the body of a woman growing fetus.
What is the cause of vaginitis during pregnancy
As during pregnancy the immune system is reduced and thus the entire body of women as if stirred up, activates an infection that leaked earlier hidden, asymptomatic.Women often observed asymptomatic vaginitis, including those caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - gonococcus, Trichomonas, chlamydia, and so on.
woman can consider themselves healthy, and during her pregnancy, there are signs of vaginitis vaginitis Signs: How does inflammation of the vaginal area , caused by sexually transmitted infections - such vaginitis called specific and require careful treatment.If left untreated, they can cause a variety of complications of pregnancy and childbirth.Infectious agents can also penetrate through the membranes in the body of the fetus and cause fetal infection or infect the baby during delivery.
frequent cause of vaginitis are vaginal and dysbacterioses - bacterial vaginosis.Bacterial vaginosis occur in violation of the relationship between the normal (useful mainly lactobacilli) and conditionally pathogenic microflora of the vagina, but inflammation in the vagina is not the case (that confirms the absence of leukocytes in the smears from the vagina).In a normal lactobacilli release lactic acid and some substances that suppress the vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms.It helps cleanse the vagina.In women of childbearing age livelihoods normal microflora is maintained female sex hormone estrogen.Hormonal changes during pregnancy can disrupt the relationship between the normal and the pathogenic microflora, which will lead to the development of bacterial vaginosis.
Bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy may at any time move to vaginitis - inflammation of the vagina caused by pathogenic microflora.These are called nonspecific vaginitis and in most cases are mixed.For example, a mixed non-specific vaginitis nonspecific vaginitis - can occur at any age can be caused by certain types of staphylococci, E. coli and the yeast genus Candida.
What are the symptoms of vaginitis during pregnancy
specific vaginitis manifests itself in the form of symptoms characteristic of a STD.For example, gonococcal vaginitis is characterized by the appearance of thick muco-purulent discharge, combined with severe itching, burning, pain in the abdomen and frequent painful urination.For Trichomonas vaginitis Trichomonas vaginitis - a common form of the disease characterized by dirty yellow abundant foam (with gas bubbles) liquid malodorous discharge.
less typical flow chlamydial, mycoplasma and ureaplasma vaginitis - usually with the release appear uncertain, a little itchy and some discomfort.
Nonspecific vaginitis may also take place in different ways, depending on whether the microflora thus prevails.Thus, when bacterial and fungal (the most common pathology) vaginitis discharge from the genital tract may wear off-white character, they may be present white curdled clots.Also, there may be pain and discomfort in the abdomen.For bacterial vaginosis is characterized abundant liquid discharge with an unpleasant "fishy" odor.
during pregnancy are dangerous not only vaginitis, but vaginosis, because the infection can penetrate through the cervical canal into the uterine cavity.In most cases, infectious agents can not penetrate through the membranes in the body of the fetus, however, exclude this possibility can not be - so the fetus can develop intrauterine infection.In addition, infection of the child can occur during childbirth, as it passes through the birth canal.
Severe complications may arise from the mother's body.This miscarriage Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing? and a variety of infectious and inflammatory processes during childbirth.For example, postpartum endometritis (inflammation of the uterus).The presence of long flowing infection of the vagina can become resistant to further the cause of infertility.
Vaginitis during pregnancy are common.That's why obstetricians recommend that women planning a pregnancy with preliminary inspection in case of detection of infection treatment of both spouses.