Cyst of thyroid and pregnancy - without panic
As you know, pregnancy is also the most enjoyable period in a woman's life, and the most disturbing.Many people know that pregnancy is necessary to approach and to prepare for the event with a special attention.But, unfortunately, during the examination, when a woman stood on the account already revealed many "ills."Not considered to be the norm, and various pathologies of the thyroid gland, found in the childbearing period.Many women during pregnancy reveal a disease of the thyroid gland cyst.Moms panic, how will behave the thyroid gland cyst during pregnancy?
little about the physiology of the thyroid gland
Thyroid refers to the organs of the endocrine system and plays an important role in the body, especially during childbearing.The thyroid gland consists of two parts, separated by an isthmus, and is located on the front of the neck.Normally, the thyroid gland is not only visible to the eye, but is not detectable during palpation.The main role of the thyroid gland - is the formation of hormones (thyroxine and triiodothyronine), which regulate the metabolism of substances in the body and energy exchange.In the case of the thyroid gland cyst formation at high risk for goiter, which will adversely affect the pregnancy and the unborn child.
factors that lead to the development of the thyroid gland cyst
course, pregnancy and childbirth (especially frequently, almost without interruption) are one of the factors in the development of the thyroid gland cyst.Also cyst formation plays a role of iodine deficiency (and during pregnancy is known to increase the body's needs not only the vitamins, but also minerals, including iodine).That's almost all pregnant women during childbearing prescribed iodine.In addition, the occurrence of cysts "guilty" hormonal disorders Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous (as occurs during pregnancy hormonal changes the body and all the organs and systems begin to function with increased load).Another cause of the thyroid gland cyst is its inflammation (thyroiditis), and trauma.Not least in the formation of cysts and thyroid hold nerve overvoltage (for expectant mothers is very labile psyche).From all the above, it follows that it is pregnant women are more prone to such a fate as education thyroid cysts.
Clinical manifestations of thyroid cysts during pregnancy
Normally, the thyroid gland cyst the thyroid gland cyst: presentation and examination , both during pregnancy and in her absence is small,and therefore it does not manifest itself.Complaints of a pregnant woman only occur with increasing cyst.Growing cyst leads to compression of closely spaced, which explains the complaints of patients.When compression of the trachea expectant mothers feel a tickle, cough, and sometimes wheezing.In the case of large cysts exposure to the esophagus appears labored and painful swallowing.Also, pregnant women may feel uncomfortable and painful events in the neck.
One of the complications of the thyroid gland cyst thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones is it fester, which often occurs during pregnancyas weakened immunity in women.The development of an abscess accompanied by fever (sometimes up to very high numbers), the appearance of pain in the neck and symptoms of intoxication and palpation palpable cyst softened.
Diagnosis and treatment
Methods of diagnosis of thyroid cyst during pregnancy do not differ from the methods of diagnosis in non-pregnant.Primarily the doctor spends palpation of the thyroid gland, and then directs the future mother on US authority.If necessary, determine the level of thyroid hormones Thyroid hormones: mechanism of action and physiological effects , and conduct tonkoiglovuyu biopsy.The contents of the cyst is then sent for histological examination.
small cysts of the thyroid gland, which were formed during pregnancy, are not subjected to treatment.Most importantly, the thyroid gland cyst is not an indication for abortion.Surgery on the large cysts performed after birth.