physiological pregnancy the role of the thyroid gland and its hormones is essential.Produced by a gland hormones affect almost all types of metabolism in the developing fetus, they are important for normal bookmarks and differentiation of tissues.If during pregnancy broken gland function, this naturally leads to complications.One of the methods of diagnosis of pathological states is holding ultrasound of the thyroid gland thyroid ultrasound - to examine the evidence during pregnancy, as well as examination of the hormonal status of the pregnant woman.
change in the functioning of the gland during pregnancy
fetus begins to emerge activism thyroid system early enough (after the first trimester of fetal development).By the time the date of birth of the fetus takes its full completion of the development.Hormonal activity gland of the fetus is in close interconnection with the mother's body.In pregnant women with first trimester marked increase in activity of the gland, which manifests an
In addition to increasing the level of hormones throughout the period of pregnancy marked increase in the size of the prostate gland.The percentage of an increase in size on average by 16%.Pregnancy is characterized by more intense blood supply to the breast tissue, increasing its mass.Body dimensions do not affect significantly its functional activity.During pregnancy marked stimulation of the activity of the thyroid due to the following factors:
- increase in blood levels of human chorionic gonadotropin
- increased urinary excretion of iodine, which leads to insufficient supply of thyroid thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones iodine
- hormones increase the degree of binding to plasma proteins
One of informative methods for diagnosis of pathological states by the thyroid system is considered to be an ultrasound scan.The survey reveals the presence of lesions that often develop during pregnancy directly.Ultrasound gives a precise definition of the scope of the prostate and indicates the presence of pathological changes in the parenchyma.The most important advantage of this method is the absence of contraindications, it can be produced depending on the evidence at all stages of pregnancy.
Ultrasonography in hypothyroidism
adverse effect on the course of pregnancy is characterized by a condition associated with a deficit tireiodnyh hormone (or hypothyroidism).This syndrome leads to severe complications during pregnancy and birth is the cause of children with different pathologies (fetal abnormalities, Down syndrome, severe thyroid pathology, developmental delays, and others).For this reason, we developed a special program to identify children with hypothyroidism.The birth of a healthy child is possible only with the early detection and treatment appointment revealed pathology in pregnant women.Full payment activity of the gland to avoid severe and irreversible consequences for the child.
Ultrasound scans by identifying the size of the prostate and assess its structure may indicate the possible cause of hypothyroidism.Assuming normal activity of the organ and the absence of complications during pregnancy ultrasound may be a slight increase in the size of the body structure in the absence of cancer lesions, seals and other formations.Parenchyma gland should be homogeneous.If you detect any abnormalities pregnant woman should be examined in depth and necessarily consult with the doctor endocrinologist.Ultrasound scanning refers to additional methods of diagnosis.During pregnancy, it can be recommended for examination of pregnant women in the following situations:
- identifying formations and seals during the palpation examination gland
- appearance of complaints of frequent changes of mood (irritability, tearfulness, heightened nervousness)
- appearance of a pregnant causeless cough and breathlessness
- reception with the aim of substitution hormones Hormonal drugs - not just contraceptives thyroid
On the recommendations of specialist necessary to undergo an ultrasound scan cancer before the onset of the planned pregnancy.