inhabits the mucous membranes of the urinary organs mycoplasma woman who does not manifest itself before pregnancy, during pregnancy can cause infectious-inflammatory processes.Such processes can pose a threat to the mother and child at any stage of pregnancy.
features state of pregnancy
especially pregnant is that while the state may significantly lowers immunity.This occurs under the influence of hormones and is a physiological response - the body reduces the protection of the immune system that is always trying to get rid of foreign cells.
Due to decreased immunity in pregnant women from the beginning of pregnancy begin to "come out" various chronic infections, which previously did not manifest itself.These include infections and mycoplasmosis - a disease caused by mycoplasma.
In order to avoid such "surprises", obstetricians recommend to plan pregnancy with preliminary full examination and, if necessary prolechivaniya future parents.
Pathogens and mycoplasma
Activators mycoplasma urinary organs in a pregnant woman can be three types of mycoplasma: Mycoplasma genitalium (most pathogenic), Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma This insidious ureaplasma - often too late urealitikum.Of these the last two are considered as opportunistic and if they are found in small amounts (less than 10,000 cfu - colony forming units per 1 ml) in the absence of symptoms, the woman did not cure, but only observed.Material for the study taken from the urethra, the vaginal mucosa and the cervical canal.If you find a pregnant woman Mycoplasma genitalium it necessarily being treated.
great importance is the kind found in a pregnant woman mycoplasma.Since mycoplasmas are difficult to see under a microscope, they are usually detected by genome by polymerase chain reaction - PCR.To detect Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma urealitikum used as crops on nutrient media.
during pregnancy is important, when a woman is infected with this disease.To do this, use the method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which allows you to identify antibodies to mycoplasmas, which helps set the duration of the disease.
How is mycoplasmosis during pregnancy
any marked symptoms of the disease usually does not happen.There are transient itching in the genital area, a slight burning sensation while urinating and minor mucus Mucous discharge - what is the norm for a healthy woman from the vagina.
All this woman can simply not pay attention.That's why pregnant women in certain periods taken tests not identified in time the infection can produce complications such as maternal and fetal side.
complications can be interrupted early pregnancy: miscarriage, missed abortion missed abortion - do not lose faith in yourself .In the later stages of mycoplasmosis can lead to premature birth.
In addition, infection can cross the placenta and fetal membranes to the fetus and cause a uterine infection with severe internal organs, especially the brain.It was established that mycoplasmosis may cause intrauterine fetal infection in about one in five women suffer from this disease.
infection can get to the tissue of the fetus or during birth, during the passage of the fetus through the birth canal.This is especially dangerous for premature and weakened children - infections may also affect internal organs and be severe.
After birth severe inflammatory processes may start in women, such as Mycoplasma genitalium Mycoplasma genitalium - most of the pathogenic mycoplasmas can cause endometritis.
mycoplasmosis How to treat pregnant women
Identification of mycoplasmas in pregnant women is not always the reason for the treatment.If found opportunistic species of mycoplasmas, and the woman has no signs of infectious and inflammatory process, it is not treated, but only watched.
indications for treatment are:
- detection of Mycoplasma genitalium;
- except mycoplasma detection of any kind, and even other infectious agents (such as chlamydia);
- detection opportunistic species of mycoplasmas in large amounts in combination with signs of infectious-inflammatory processes.
In such cases, in the second trimester (after the 12th week of pregnancy), the woman assigned treatment in the form of antibiotics, which are sensitive mycoplasma.Treatment necessarily performed under laboratory control.
Mycoplasmosis - a dangerous disease during pregnancy, so it is necessary to promptly identify and, if necessary being treated.