- toxicosis - deliverance possible
- What causes morning sickness?
gestational toxicosis, or preeclampsia, includes several pathological conditions that occur during pregnancy, complicating its course.Gestoses divided into raniie occurring in the first trimester, and later developing in the second half of pregnancy.
Early gestosis includes: vomiting (mild), excessive vomiting, excessive salivation.The cause of toxicity, many authors consider the body's inability to adapt to pregnancy.Congenital or acquired deficiency of neuroendocrine regulation of adaptive responses (hypoxia, infection, intoxication, hereditary factors) contribute to the development of preeclampsia as well as other pathologies (from the cardiovascular system - hypertension, hypotension, heart disease, endocrine diseases - diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease , hyper or hypothyroidism, urinary tract disease - pyelonephritis pyelonephritis - renal , glomerulonephritis).
forms of toxicity
Early preeclampsia include vomiting, repeated several times a day, accompanied by nausea, loss of appetite, changes in the perception of taste and smell.In accordance with the intensity of release:
- mild form
- moderate form
- uncontrollable vomiting (severe).
Mild corresponds to functional changes of the nervous system (phase neuroses), a mild form - the phase of intoxication, severe phase corresponds to dystrophy.
Late toxicosis pregnant women often appear in the third tremestre and are characterized by disturbances in the operation of many organs.
late gestosis have three main simtomov - edema, proteinuria, hypertension, at least - more severe symptoms (convulsions, coma).There are many classifications of late gestosis, practical obstetrics are 4 main clinical forms:
- Dropsy pregnant
- nephropathy (mild, moderate, severe)
- Preeclampsia Eclampsia
should also be noted preclinical stage of preeclampsia - pregestoz.All clinical forms of late gestosis are the successive stages of the pathological process.
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy - one of the early signs of preeclampsia, first hidden, then clear dropsy.
Hidden dropsy can be found regularly weighing the patient and determining the diuresis.Set a weight of 300-400 grams per week, and a negative urine output - Symptoms hidden dropsy.
Obvious swelling is divided into three stages:
- swelling of the hands and feet
- edema of the lower extremities and the anterior abdominal wall
- general dropsy until subcutaneous (anasarca).
nephropathy during pregnancy is divided into three levels:
- Light (pressure not higher than 150/100, swelling of the legs swelling of the legs - do not leave without attention not higher than shins, proteinuria less than 1 g / l)
- Medium (pressure not higher than 175/115, swelling of the legs and the entire abdominal wall, proteinuria of 1 to 3 g / l)
- Heavy (pressure above 175/115, anasarca, proteinuria greater than 3 g / l)
preeclampsia - a seriousbut reversible condition, which develops against the backdrop of severe preeclampsia.In addition to the triad of symptoms of preeclampsia patient develops headache, nasal congestion, blurred vision.These signs indicate poor circulation of the brain.
Eclampsia - the most severe form of preeclampsia.It is characterized by convulsions with loss of consciousness.The duration and number of attacks may be different.During an attack occur cerebrovascular accidents, bleeding in the brain.Often it happens hemorrhage in the internal organs.Hypoxia and metabolic Metabolism: The basis of life of all living .Rapidly deteriorating renal function, oliguria develops.Suffer and other internal organs.Eclampsia - a serious threat to the life of both the mother and the fetus.