Pressure in Pregnancy: the rise and fall are equally dangerous
changes in blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing? during pregnancy may simply cause discomfort, but may be a sign of incipient severe complications - late toxicosis of pregnancy.The woman will not be able to understand this condition, which is why all pregnant women should regularly visit the obstetrician-gynecologist and timely surveyed.
the cardiovascular system during pregnancy
In normal pregnancy in the work of the cardiovascular system are increased requirements due to increased blood volume, improve the tone of the walls of small blood vessels, increasing the volume of the uterus andthe development of a powerful system utero-placental circulation.A woman's heart is gradually adapting to the load, blood pressure (BP) changes slightly: in the first weeks it is somewhat reduced, and after 16 weeks there is little tendency to increase (5-10 mm Hg).For a correct judgment about the changes in blood pressure is necessary to know the initial value that was before pregnancy.This is necessary because there are among pregnant women with an initial decrease in blood pressure (hypotension), for which normal blood pressure is elevated.
lowering blood pressure in pregnant women
Low blood pressure in the first 16 weeks, there is almost always in the background of hormonal changes the body.It is because of this the woman has a weakness, malaise, dizziness, and sometimes fainting.Vomiting in the first days of pregnancy is often associated with lower blood pressure, but not with the first half of pregnancy toxemia, which appears later.Unpleasant sensations are amplified when a feeling of hunger, in a stuffy room or prolonged standing on his feet.
slight decrease in blood pressure is not harmful to pregnant women, however, should be taken to prevent complications - low pressure can threaten the child so that he will receive less nutrients and oxygen that come to it from the mother's blood.A woman should follow the mode of the day, night sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams should last 8-9 hours, frequent walks in the fresh air - combined with relaxation.It is also necessary nutrition, physical therapy sessions feasible.
But the reduction in blood pressure can be a sign of disease (figures almost constantly below 90/60 mm Hg), in such a case requires medicationtreatment, which usually is conducted in the department of pathology of pregnant women: a significant reduction in blood pressure for a long harm to the child.
If blood pressure dropped suddenly (there were dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet , nausea, etc.), you should take a horizontal position, ensure access of air (open windows, unbutton clothes contracting), bring to the nose with cotton wool smelling salts (carefully, it should be done at a distance, so as not to burn the mucous membranes of the nose), to drink about 30 drops kordiamina (kordiamin increases blood pressure), or freshly brewed (not too strong) tea or coffee with sugar.
Increased blood pressure in pregnant women
norm is systolic (first number) pressure is not more than one-third of the initial level.The diastolic (second number) pressure should not exceed 75-80 mmHg
Increased blood pressure in pregnant women can occur with hypertension Hypertensive heart disease - the prognosis is poor , in some diseases of the kidneys and in the second half of pregnancy toxemia (preeclampsia).
The presence of a pregnant woman some disease, contributing to increased blood pressure, one can guess if the blood pressure has increased in the first four months of pregnancy, and in the second half of pregnancy, if the increase in blood pressure is not combined with other signs of preeclampsia (edema and the appearance of protein in the urine).These women require special monitoring and preventive treatment in the antenatal clinic.
late toxemia of pregnancy (preeclampsia) is a condition characterized by dysfunction of vital organs and systems.Net preeclampsia occurs in healthy women.If preeclampsia develops on the background of any disease (hypertension, kidney disease, endocrine disorders, etc.), it is called a match.Often preeclampsia occurs with fatigue, stress, genetic predisposition, very young women and women after 40 years.
Preeclampsia is divided into dropsy pregnant, nephropathy pregnant women, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia.Starting with preeclampsia spasm smaller (peripheral), blood vessels and exudation of liquid therethrough into the tissue (edema or edema of pregnancy), thereby reducing the volume of circulating blood from malnutrition start women suffer internal organs.This leads to the fact that the body begins compensatory release substances that enhance blood pressure in major blood vessels, leading to increased blood pressure and further fluid exudation (nephropathy pregnant).When the swelling of brain tissue appear;seizures and impaired consciousness (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia).
unexpressed initial stage of dropsy pregnant can be treated on an outpatient basis, the remaining stages of the disease - only in the pathology of pregnant maternity hospital.
To avoid surprises, a pregnant woman is better to purchase electronic blood pressure monitor and keep track of your most blood pressure by measuring it several times a day, recording the evidence and consultation with a physician.