Cancer - a malignant tumor, the cells of which are formed by the mutation of cells of the surface layers (epithelium) of the skin or mucous membranes.Unfortunately, cancer sometimes develops in childhood.One of the rarest forms of cancer is breast cancer in children.
incidence and characteristics of the course of breast cancer in childhood
Pediatric cancer, malignant tumor that is based on the epithelium, is much rarer than in adults.Much more common in this age group is developing a sarcoma - a malignant tumor that develops from connective tissue.However, there are exceptions.Most children in developing thyroid cancer Thyroid cancer: it is curable , liver and nasopharynx.
Breast Cancer in children - it is a very rare disease (0.046% of all malignant tumors in childhood), which occurs more frequently in adolescents after 12 years.
features of the course of childhood cancer is that it is not a malignant course.However, for example, in breast cancer in children will appear metastasize
In addition, for any localization of cancer, including breast cancer, common symptoms first appear disease (changes in the whole organism), and onlythen change at the site of tumor formation.In adults, the opposite is true: in the beginning there are local (local), and then the overall change.
peculiarity of cancer in children is the fact that in its histological structure of tumor cells are highly differentiated, that is not too different from the tissue from which they were formed.This is a favorable prognostic sign such cells less rapidly invade surrounding tissues and metastasize.
most common breast cancer in children manifests itself in adolescence in girls (but maybe boys) as a result of hormonal changes in the body of the child.Contributing factors are genetic predisposition (breast cancer in close relatives), high emotional stress, stress, early onset of smoking and drinking.
Breast cancer in children occurs more benign than in adults.One reason for this flow (except for a relatively benign tumor histological structure) is that a small breast child or adolescent is best detected in the early stages of tumor.This leads to better child survival in breast cancer (breast cancer).
Breast Cancer in children - the first signs of
Breast cancer in children may first manifest itself in the form of the common symptoms: fatigue, weakness, weight loss, low-grade fever.The cause of these phenomena - a violation of cellular metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living in the body of the child.
After some time in the breast of the child may appear small nodule.Since breast tissue a child has a small volume, easy to knot can be felt, even if it is very small (up to 1 cm in diameter).It can detect breast in children in the early stages.
However, during adolescence in girls is the breast and large enough, making it difficult to identify cancer in its early stages.If a small tumor was not detected in a timely manner, then after a while it can metastasize Metastases - danger everywhere the nearby (usually axillary, but sometimes other) lymph nodes.With the growth of cancerous tumor on her skin may change - it swells and takes the form of orange peel, wrinkled, or retracted.Nipple sometimes appear spotting Spotting - it is important to exclude pathology .
Some types of breast cancer among children in the skin of the breast appear erosion, ulcers, accompanied by weeping, flakes and dried crust.Externally these changes resemble eczema.It is very rare and usually older girls show signs of inflammatory forms of breast cancer, which occurs in the form of mastitis, but this is a sign of advanced disease.Metastases to distant organs in breast cancer in children is rare, later than in adults, and only in severe cases.
Diagnosis and treatment
detection of breast cancer in children with a small amount of breast usually is not difficult.The tumor is detected by palpation, and then held her biopsy under the control of the ultrasonic beam their laboratory study of tumor cells.For large mammary glands in girls teens with a comprehensive study, the same as for adult women.
Treatment of Breast Cancer in children is assigned individually and depends on the stage in which the disease was revealed.The most common surgical treatment of the tumor is performed.