Celiac disease - a digestive disorder in which the body can not properly digest gluten.It is estimated that suffers from celiac disease, 1 out of 100. Some experts believe that these figures may be much higher, as mild forms of celiac disease is sometimes not diagnosed or their symptoms mistaken for symptoms of other diseases, such as irritable bowel syndrome.
Women celiac disease occurs in 2-3 times more often than men.The disease can develop at any age, but most often the symptoms first appear or in early childhood - from 8 to 12 months, or in middle age - between 40 and 60 years.
Symptoms The most common symptoms of celiac disease are:
- upset stomach;
- Slight or moderate pain in the stomach;
- mild diarrhea or diarrhea (usually, they occur only occasionally);
- lack of appetite;
- Anemia (with the characteristic symptoms, fatigue, shortness of breath and irregular heartbeat);
- Weight loss for no apparent reason;
- tingling and numbness of the hands numbness of the hands - not such a harmless symptom and feet;
- Vomiting (usually occurs in children);
- Alopecia (in adults).
All of these symptoms can sometimes appear and disappear, and patients often feel that they are not related to nutrition.Most soft forms of celiac disease often do not cause any symptoms persist, and may reveal only when a patient is undergoing tests for some other reason.However, the treatment is recommended, even if a person does not cause celiac any discomfort, because even in such cases, it can lead to some complications.
Severe celiac disease can cause the following symptoms:
- diarrhea, which often begins suddenly in the night, and over time can lead to such problems asfecal incontinence;
- Abdominal cramps;
- Muscle cramps;
- Swelling of the hands and feet.
The patient feces can contain large amounts of fat, which is why they have a particularly strong odor.For this reason, patients often have to press several times to drain the toilet - a fatty substance is difficult to wash off with water.
If celiac disease is not treated, over time it can lead to a deficiency of essential nutrients, which results are fatigue, lethargy, and other problems.In children, it can cause growth retardation and puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path .
Celiac disease - an autoimmune disorder caused by an abnormal immune system response to the protein gluten, which is found in foods such as bread, pasta, cereals and biscuits.In some patients with celiac disease oatmeal also causes a negative reaction.
patient's immune system sees gluten as a potential danger to the body, and the resulting antibodies cause inflammation of the intestinal wall, trying to cope with a possible threat.Due to the fact that it happens regularly damaged villi of the small intestine, which normally increase its surface area and help to more effectively digest food.Over time, the intestine loses its ability to properly process food and absorb it contains nutrients, which leads to the appearance of characteristic symptoms of celiac disease.
It is not known why some people develop celiac disease, as well as why it occurs in some softer, while others - more severe.
believed that the predisposition to develop celiac disease is inherited.The probability of disease in people with celiac disease, whose family history has the disease, 10% for all others - 1%.If a person has an identical twin who was diagnosed with celiac disease, it is very likely to develop into a violation of the 85%.Studies have shown that celiac disease is associated with a number of gene mutations that are passed from generation to generation.However, these mutations are very common - they occur in about one-third of the population, so it is assumed that triggers the development of celiac disease may be other factors, such as the Past infection of the digestive system, as well as eating foods containing gluten in the first three months of life.Type 1 diabetes, ulcerative colitis and neurological diseases such as epilepsy, also increase the likelihood of developing celiac disease.
usually recommended for the treatment of celiac disease is simply excluded from the diet foods that contain gluten.This helps prevent damage to the villi of the small intestine, and the appearance of symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea.
People who have been diagnosed with celiac disease, referred to a dietitian who will explain in detail what you can and can not eat at the same violation.It also tells how to eat a balanced and full, despite the restrictions.Patients have to completely abandon the products that contain corn, wheat and barley Barley - a clear sign of impaired immunity .Even by eating a small amount of gluten in the patient may have symptoms of celiac disease;if he uses regular gluten, it will significantly increase the likelihood of osteoporosis Osteoporosis - he threatens you? and cancer in the future.
should be excluded from the diet bread, pasta, cereal porridge, biscuits, some sauces, baked goods (with the exception of products that are labeled as gluten-free).You should carefully read the labels of products you buy.Many foods, especially the last treatment, contain gluten in the various additives, for example, in a modified starch.
However, the patient may well properly and fully fed, despite his illness.In the meat, vegetables, fruits, cheese, potatoes, rice and many other common foods no gluten and can be eaten without fear.
Gluten is found in some non-food products such as lipsticks and certain medications.Patients with celiac disease need to be sure to get acquainted with their staff in order to avoid the re-emergence of symptoms.
- Vitamin supplements
addition to diet changes, your doctor may recommend the patient supplementation with vitamins and minerals, at least for the first six months after he was diagnosed with celiac disease.It is necessary that a person receives all the necessary nutrients, the digestive system is recovering from his injuries.