Hyperplasia of the thyroid gland in children - how to prevent the disease
Children diseases of the endocrine system, the thyroid gland in particular, are of great importance in terms of health effects.They may affect negatively and lead to serious consequences, especially in the case of diseases of congenital nature.Hyperplasia of the thyroid gland in children is accompanied by a change in the size of the gland, it increases, with treatment issues can be solved only Pediatric Endocrinologist after examination of the child.
When you change the size of the prostate and identify its hyperplasia Hyperplasia - do not be afraid the child requires examination of the hormonal profile, that is, the content of the central hormone of pituitary hormones and cancer.Indicators of hormones can not be compared with figures for the adult.If the adult survey indicators show the presence of blood hormones hypothyroidism, it does not mean that childhood fit the same indicators.
addition to conducting an objective examination of the child and laboratory-instrumental examination of the thyroid gland, should also take into account the following parameters:
- age of the child as the child grows and develops
- their child's school
- child's behavior in the children's collective, his relationship withpeers
Answers to all these questions and the results of the survey allow a pediatric endocrinologist to select the most optimal treatment.Appointment of adult doses of drugs is absolutely unacceptable fact.The most informative method of diagnosis of prostate hyperplasia at any age is an ultrasound scan of the prostate.The study can be concluded about the size of the body, its scope, the nature of the pathological changes in the parenchyma of the gland.There developed a standard table, which lists all the dimensions in accordance with the age of the child or adult.For example, girls aged six thyroid volume is 4.9 cm3, boys - 5.4.As the volume of the prostate is a change in ten years, he is 9.3 and 7.8 respectively.If you mention the amount of cancer in an adult human, its parameters can be set from 18 to 25 cm3.Measure the volume indicator and assess the extent of the changes possible on the results of instrumental studies by ultrasound scanning.According to the standards it has double scale valuation depending on the age of the child and the surface area of the body to be used by doctors during the survey.These figures are the upper performance range of expected values, so if the measured volume of the prostate during the study exceeded the data, it is possible to speak about organ hyperplasia.
nature of diseases related to iodine deficiency
The shortage of iodine in the body is closely linked with the development of prostate hyperplasia.Deficiency states often manifested clinically by diffuse increase in prostate size.It is a compensatory response that maintains the hormonal activity of the gland at the proper level.The most vulnerable categories of people on iodine deficiency include children as well as pregnant women.Especially important during fetal development, as the fetus is at risk of congenital hypothyroidism Congenital hypothyroidism : start treatment as early as possible .The lack of complications during pregnancy, normal intrauterine development of the developing fetus depends on the thyroid system, since it is the thyroid gland is involved in basic metabolism of the body types.
During fetal development the basic needs of the fetus restored from the maternal organism.From the 16th week of development in the fetus begins to produce its own thyroid hormone Thyroid hormones: mechanism of action and physiological effects T4, so it is important that the functional activity of the gland woman was not broken.From this standpoint, it is recommended to be screened to the endocrine system planned pregnancy to avoid complications during pregnancy.With the preventive point of view it is recommended to take drugs containing iodine, from the early stages of pregnancy.The only condition for the initiation of this group of drugs should be consulting a doctor of general endocrinologist.With timely start of taking medication and the right dose selection, you can prevent the development of serious complications such as congenital hypothyroidism.The disease is the most negative consequences and lead to the development of cretinism in children.In the case of a child with this disorder prescriptions is not iodine can affect mental development, so the effect of their appointment will be minimal.
If your child develops prostate hyperplasia, she copes with the process of synthesis, thyroid hormones, it should not be regarded as a pathological condition.Dynamic observation of such children should be carried out at least twice during the year with the mandatory examination of the hormonal profile.A completely different tactics must be selected, if the background is the development of existing hyperplasia glands or nodes in the gland.It will not be the physiological norm and requires the adoption of appropriate therapeutic measures.The nodes in the prostate are benign processes, thus it is necessary to conduct a survey of the child and prescribe treatment.It is the mainstay medication for hormone replacement therapy (receiving thyroxine).Do not be afraid that the child will receive hormones Hormonal drugs - not just contraceptives .In this situation, this type of treatment is required, which helps to prevent a large number of complications.It is not a contraindication use of herbal remedies, but their use is recommended for the treatment as adjuvant therapy.