osteochondrosis in children and adolescents is not uncommon.Such conclusions were made relatively recently and some experts still deny the possibility of the development of degenerative intervertebral disc disorders in children.For degenerative diseases in children and adolescents treated traditionally only osteochondropathy - disease manifested aseptic necrosis of the vertebral bodies.
Children osteochondrosis: causes of the disease
Today, it is believed that low back pain in children develops as a result of systemic underdevelopment of connective tissue (cartilage intervertebral disc - is a type of connective tissue), congenital or hereditary.Such features of the intervertebral discs in the child makes them very vulnerable to various external influences.
Factors predisposing to the development of degenerative disc disease in children include birth injuries Birth injuries - than they threaten your child? spine.And as the most common injuries of the cervical spine, the cervical osteo
common cause of degenerative disc disease in children if they have an innate predisposition may be heavy athletic loads, long stay in an awkward position (eg, improper desk at school), spinal injury.Osteochondrosis adolescents have the same cause.
How is low back pain in children and adolescents
course of osteoarthritis in children is usually imperceptible.The symptoms are the same as that of the adults, but are shown in a much lesser degree.
The earliest sign of cervical degenerative disc disease in children are headaches, apply to entire head preferentially localized in the neck and occipital region, worse when turning the head.The pain can be so severe that a small child can not play, and school-age children - even something to do.
Sometimes background usual headaches in children appear suddenly severe headaches that can last several hours or be repeated several times a day.During the attack the child is trying to keep your head in a certain position and can not move.During an attack of pain may also occur in the eye socket, blurred vision, who are after the removal of a headache.
periodically may occur as pain in the ear on the affected side, dizziness, noise and ringing in the ear, sometimes - hearing loss on the same side.Very often, these symptoms are attributed to other diseases and treat them for a long time without success.
Suspected aching low back pain can cause permanent pain in the neck.Sometimes these pains are sharp, sharp, but in children, unlike adults, it is quite rare.
Thoracic osteochondrosis osteochondrosis - learn how to properly distribute the weight occurs infrequently in children and is usually manifested by pain and discomfort in the heart.It is much more common in the lumbar and lumbosacral osteochondrosis with characteristic aching permanent or paroxysmal sharp pains in the spine changed, smack in the back and back of the thighs.Most often it manifests itself as juvenile osteochondrosis (juvenile osteochondrosis) due to high physical exertion in sport.
How to identify low back pain in a child
It's not as simple as an osteochondrosis of the parents, and pediatricians afterthought.But a careful neurological examination neurologist can detect signs of tension in the muscles of the neck and back.In the initial stages of radiographic osteoarthritis of the spine can not see in the later stages of the visible height reduction of intervertebral spaces, bone overgrowth (osteophytes), sclerotic changes.Bol accurate diagnosis can be made using magnetic resonance imaging.
Prevention and Treatment
treatment of degenerative disc disease in children is mainly carried out by means of therapeutic exercise and massage.If necessary, designate the immobilization of the spine - wearing a brace or cervical collar.Appointed as physiotherapy, reflexology Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies .
prevention of degenerative disc disease in children is the early detection of children at risk of developing osteoarthritis.This group should include children with birth and the postnatal spinal cord injuries, abnormalities of the spine, as well as children with family history, in which close relatives are affected early and severe forms of osteoarthritis.
These children are subject to special monitoring, they are contraindicated high physical activity, exercise.They should receive regular massage courses and constantly engaged in physiotherapy to strengthen the muscles of the back.