Whooping cough - a highly contagious bacterial infection that causes severe, spasmodic, uncontrollable coughing.Because whooping cough in a patient can be difficult breathing.
Pertussis refers to infection of the upper respiratory tract;It is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis species or Bordetella parapertussis.This is a dangerous disease that infants can cause severe chronic health problems, and even death.Pertussis is transmitted through airborne droplets when the infected person sneezes or coughs into the air fall tiny droplets that contain the bacteria.The disease is easily transmitted from person to person.
Usually the disease continues, a total of six weeks.
pertussis can get people of all ages.Before it became a widely used vaccine against whooping cough, the disease most commonly affects infants and young children.Currently, the majority of children are vaccinated against whooping cough before they go to school, and the disease is more common in adolescents and
Symptoms The first symptoms of pertussis are similar to the symptoms of the common cold, there are about a week after it got into the human bodybacterial infectious agents.Attacks of severe coughing begins ten or twelve days later.In young children with whooping cough, coughing often ends with a characteristic hissing sound or uhayuschim - it occurs when a child tries to breathe.This symptom is rare in patients under the age of six months, as well as in adults.
attacks pertussis cough sometimes cause vomiting or a short loss of consciousness.If the cough is accompanied by vomiting, it is one of the main reasons for the suspicion of whooping cough.Infants are also possible attacks of breathlessness.
Other symptoms of pertussis:
- Runny nose;
- increase in body temperature (up to 38.8S);
In some cases, pertussis can be diagnosed on the basis of existing symptoms.However, if the symptoms are not obvious, the diagnosis can be difficult.In addition, infants symptoms characteristic of whooping cough can be caused by pneumonia Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes .
To verify the diagnosis, the doctor may perform a fence sample of mucus from the nasal cavity, and send it to a lab for tests.Although the analysis allows accurate diagnosis, they take some time, and treatment is initiated before the results become available.
When to start treatment on time, with the help of antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? , such as erythromycin Erythromycin - if you are allergic to penicillin , can quickly eliminate the symptoms of pertussis.Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed too late pertussis, when antibiotics are not effective already.However, the medication may reduce the likelihood that the patient will infect others pertussis.
sick children under the age of eighteen months need constant supervision because of coughing breath they may temporarily stop.In severe cases, children may require hospitalization.
If coughing so severe and frequent that the child is unable to drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration can be used by intravenous infusion.
Young children are sometimes prescribed sedatives.Expectorant and antitussive drugs in whooping cough is usually ineffective and are not recommended.It is also practically useless various home remedies for cough, which effectively used for the treatment of colds.Do not use it without first consulting your doctor.
Possible complications of whooping cough
older children prognosis is generally favorable.In infants, a high probability of serious complications and death, so they need constant supervision.
Whooping cough can cause the following complications:
- Epilepsy (chronic);
- nasal bleeding;
- ear infections;
- brain damage as a result of lack of oxygen;
- intellectual disabilities;
When you need to see a doctor
Consult your doctor if your child develops symptoms of pertussis.If the following symptoms need to seek emergency medical care:
- Bluish skin color, which does not indicate a lack of oxygen;
- episodes of respiratory arrest stop breathing (apnea) during sleep - upper airway obstruction ;
- cramps and convulsions;
- high body temperature;
- Vomiting, do not stop for a long time;
most reliable means for the prevention of whooping cough is now considered a vaccination against this infection.It is safe for babies and young children.The vaccine is recommended to be administered five times: when the baby is 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15-18 months and 4-6 years.There is also a vaccine that is administered for the first time at the age of 11-12 years, and then re - every ten years.Officials from many health organizations recommend be vaccinated against whooping cough to all adults under the age of 65 years.
During epidemics of pertussis in unvaccinated children aged up to seven years should not attend kindergartens, schools and crowded places.They should also be isolated from infected people and those who have developed symptoms of whooping cough, even if the diagnosis is not yet confirmed.