Lymph nodes in children: inflammation - a signal of a focus of infection in the body
Very often the child inflamed lymph nodes in the presence of infection in the field of ENT.This chronic tonsillitis, adenoids, sinusitis and so on.Treat with only swollen lymph nodes swollen lymph nodes - when it comes to infection useless - until diagnosed and treated site of infection, lymphadenitis will recur.
How is the lymphatic system of the child
lymphatic system of the child is formed gradually, as the body gradually increases the amount of the child's lymph nodes.That is why a small child is almost always vulnerable to infection.Only five or six years of his lymph nodes acquire the ability to destroy them falls in the infection, due to which the child begins to hurt less and it is very noticeable in the older groups of kindergarten.However, at this age children often develop purulent inflammation of the lymph nodes - the lymphatic system does still imperfect.
number of nodes increases to about ten years, and in adolescence, their number is reduced, but the functions are improved.The gradual formation of the lymphatic system of the child leads to the fact that in seven years, that is, at the time of enrollment in the first grade, a child's body is already quite successful can fight infection.
Why the child can begin limfadenit
If there is a child's constant focus of infection (eg, in the form of chronic tonsillitis) in the hearth is constantly maintained sluggish inflammation or infection is present simply.With the blood or lymph infectious agents get into the nearby lymph nodes, whose main task - getting rid of the body from foreign agents.To cope with the task, lymphoid tissue, which consists of immune cells, starts to grow, lymph nodes increase in volume - the so-called reactive inflammation.
If lymph node Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system not cope with the task to eliminate the infection, then it develops an infectious-inflammatory processwith the formation of pus.This lymph node swells, becomes painful and the skin over it is red.This process is called secondary lymphadenitis.
Primary limfadenit a child - a rare phenomenon, it usually develops only after injury, when the infection from the injury with blood enters the lymph node.
very dangerous to a simultaneous increase of several groups of lymph nodes.However, they are generally not inflamed and painful and if then only slightly.This may indicate the presence of a child's blood disorder.Malignant tumors can also give rise to the nearby lymph nodes.Such a reaction of the immune system suggests that the child's body is fighting with cancer and tries to destroy the cancer cells.
How is inflammation of the lymph nodes in children
The beginning lymphadenitis says violation of the general condition of the child, fever, chills, malaise, headache.Simultaneously appear local changes in one or more lymph nodes.A few days before the general violations lymph nodes may be enlarged and slightly painful.
Sometimes such a state can be held for a long time, but if there is the temperature, the more lymph nodes increases and the skin over them could blush.It is not just the increase in reactive and inflammation in the lymph nodes.
What to do if your child has increased lymph nodes?
only go to the doctor.Independently treat the child can not, especially dangerous in this case, warming procedure.Already on the basis of examination and questioning parents doctor may suggest the cause of increase in the lymph nodes.
For the diagnosis of the child will be assigned to the general analysis of blood and expert advice in the first place otolaryngologist.After analysis of the first results of the survey can be assigned to other diagnostic procedures.
How is the child limfadenit
Since lymphadenitis in children - almost always secondary disease, primarily detected and treated the site of infection.Very often, these centers are the other organs of the lymphatic system, which are also "collect" the infection - chronic tonsillitis Chronic tonsillitis - inflammation of the tonsils and chronic adenoids.The more often the child is sick with different upper respiratory infection, the greater grows increasingly inflamed and the tissue of the tonsils and adenoids adenoids - growth of the pharyngeal tonsil , which means that together with them and the tissue surrounding lymph nodes.
If inflammation is at the stage of infiltration, that is, if the abscess has not yet formed, prescribe antibiotics and dry heat (of course, if the child has a high temperature).When lymph node abscess opened and then held the usual treatment of purulent wounds.
on lymph node status of the child should always pay attention.