All parents who have been "school" care for the child up to a year, know that problems with the gastrointestinal tract are found in almost all babies.They can manifest regurgitation, bloating Bloating - if you are bursting inside and clicks, alternating constipation and diarrhea, and so on.
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in children under one year
Most of the problems with the gastrointestinal tract in infants are associated with functional immaturity of the digestive system, that is, with the imperfection of the motor and secretory functions, which are combined with dysbiosis firstmonths of life (child's intestine is populated by microorganisms, many of which are not useful).Dysbacteriosis inhibits maturation of the immune system immune system - how it works? child, as most immune cells produced in the lymphoid tissue of the intestine.
All these functional disorders often lead to the appearance of the child vomiting, intestinal colic attacks (spasms of smooth muscles o
frequent habitual vomiting, lagging behind in physical development should be an occasion to examine the child and the early detection of congenital disorders of the digestive system.But in most cases of regurgitation are functional disorders.However, they also need to be treated differently with age on the background of such functional disorders may be formed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).This disease is associated with long-term irritation of the gastric mucosa in the acidic stomach contents flowing back into his esophagus.Irritation gradually leads to chronic inflammation, which is difficult to cure.
intestinal colic occurs in some children after each feeding - it increases the motor activity of the intestine against the backdrop of increased gas (flatulence).Of great importance is slow maturation of enzyme systems - with a lack of digestive enzymes occurs improper digestion to produce large amounts of gases.Finally, there is the imperfection and nervous regulation of the intestine.
Functional disorders of the digestive system in infants should be treated under the supervision of a pediatrician.
How to treat regurgitation and vomiting of intestinal colic in children under one year
Since frequent vomiting and intestinal clicks related to the violation of motor activity of smooth muscles of the digestive organs, to treat them can be used motilium - a drug that helps to activatemotility of the digestive system.Children under one year motilium administered as a suspension.
active substance is Motilium domperidone, which belongs to a group of drugs - dopamine receptor antagonists.Dopamine - a neurotransmitter (a substance which is transmitted via nerve stimulation), which suppresses motility of the gastrointestinal tract.Motilium blocks out on specific dopamine receptors, suppressing, thus its effect.It increases the tone and activates the motility of the digestive system.Most importantly, one hundred and activates the tone of the lower esophageal sphincter, which prevents regurgitation.
Motilium primarily stimulates gastric motility, but in young children, and it applies to the intestines - derived timely stool and gases, decreases the risk of intestinal colic.
very important motilium used to treat intestinal colic and regurgitation only on prescription, since only a doctor can determine if a child contraindications for such treatment.
not use this Motilium Motilium - help with the vomiting and impaired motor activity of the stomach wee suspicion of intestinal obstruction, perforation of the intestinal wall, bleeding from the stomach or intestines.Do not give this medication if the child showed signs of hypersensitivity to it, such as an allergic rash on the body rash on the body: the conclusions only after consultation with your doctor .
efficacy and safety of Motilium to treat infants
Motilium is the safest drug belonging to the group of dopamine receptor antagonists.It hardly enters the central nervous system and, therefore, does not cause its associated complications characteristic of other drugs in this group, for example Cerucalum.
Motilium is widely used for the treatment of functional disorders of the digestive system in children under one year.But before it is necessary to exclude the use of heavy organic lesions of the gastrointestinal tract.Make it can only be a doctor.