pneumonia can get sick child of any age, including newborns.Today, it is not as dangerous as before, when there were no antibiotics.Nevertheless, today considered severe pneumonia Disease.But antibiotics do not always have the desired effect.
Causes pneumonia in children and their types
Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) in children - is infectious and inflammatory diseases.In children it is often the complication of viral infections: viruses cause inflammation in the airway mucosa, thus paving the way, the way of a bacterial infection.And as in the cold season, the viral infection is widespread, and the pneumonia also occurs frequently.But sometimes pneumonia in children begin immediately, without prior viral infection.
cause infectious-inflammatory process in a child may be staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, and other pathogenic organisms.In addition to bacterial infections may cause pneumonia, viruses, fungi, chlamydia Chlamydia: insidious and widespread disease , mycoplasma and even protozoa.
Depending on the pathogen and the immune system of the child pneumonia can occur fairly easy or very hard.It is hard to proceed usually pneumonia caused by pneumococcus and staphylococcus.Pneumonia can be acute or chronic.Acute pneumonia divided into focal and croupous (affecting segment or lobe).
Chronic pneumonia can be formed with repeated acute pneumonia diseases, as well as adequate treatment is not enough.Chronic pneumonia also occurs in children with reduced immunity or congenital diseases of the cardiovascular system, which are characterized by stagnation of blood in the lungs.
lobar pneumonia in children
lobar inflammation develops in the major regions of the lungs - segments or lobes."Culprit" of the disease is most often Streptococcus pneumoniae.Lobar pneumonia most often occurs in children older preschool and school age.Contributing factors may be sharp hypothermia, physical and mental trauma.
disease begins acutely, with a very high temperature, headache.Often at the beginning of the disease the child begins vomiting and abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms , because of what is not always timely diagnosed pneumonia, especially in the initial stage in the lungs can not always listen to what-or changes.
cough may not appear immediately and at first it is dry, very painful - when coughing hurts the affected side of the chest.Always suffering cardiovascular system, the child appears palpitations, shortness of breath, cyanosis in the nasolabial triangle and fingertips.In severe cases, blood pressure drops sharply Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing? , up to the collapse.Pneumococcal Pneumonia always causes reddening cheeks child on the affected side.
After 3 - 4 days the temperature is somewhat reduced, and the cough gradually becomes wet.Sputum with the thick, viscous, it can be an admixture of blood, but typical for adults "rusty" sputum in children is rare.
Symptoms of lobar pneumonia are confirmed by X-ray and laboratory tests.
lobar pneumonia usually occurs cyclically, in the form of primary, during the crisis period, the period of recovery.Complications of the disease may be the development of acute respiratory and cardiovascular failure, pleurisy and empyema (inflammation and suppuration of the serous membrane covering the lungs), lung abscess, toxic shock, and so lalee.
lobar pneumonia treated in the hospital only with the mandatory carrying out X-ray and laboratory control.
Focal pneumonia in children
Focal pneumonia Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes often referred to bronchopneumonia, as it usually develops in the background of acute respiratory viral infections (ARI).Basically bronchopneumonia sick children from one to five years.A sign of focal pneumonia is usually the temperature rise to high numbers in about a week after the onset of cough and common cold in children.Here, the first rise in temperature associated with a viral infection, and usually ends up talking about the rise of a new complication.But it could be a long-term rise in temperature in the SARS - more than 5 days, it can also talk about the beginning of pneumonia.
Simultaneously, the cough - it is dry at first, but after a few days becomes wet, with muco-purulent sputum.
on x-rays can be seen in the lung tissue inflammatory foci up to 5 mm in diameter, usually on one side, increased lung pattern, indicating that the defeat of the bronchi.In the blood of the child are also found signs of significant inflammation - a large number of white blood cells and high levels of ESR.
Uncomplicated pneumonia with the right treatment is adequate for one - two weeks, but residual effects in the baby's lungs are kept up to 1-1.5 months.