Pneumonia in newborns - serious illness
Often pneumonia Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes in newborns is one of the manifestations of intrauterine infection, which began during pregnancy.But it meets and pneumonia caused by the organism of infection in the baby after birth.In any case, the disease is considered severe.
Why newborn baby can begin pneumonia
cause of inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) in infants in the first month of life, most often bacterial (eg staphylococcus) or viral (cytomegalovirus, influenza) infection, and impaired patencyrespiratory tract (atelektaznaya, asphyxial).
predisposing factor for the development of pneumonia in infants are prematurity, prolonged hypoxia (insufficient oxygen supply to the tissues of the fetus) during pregnancy, birth injuries Birth injuries - than they threaten your child? .
Staphylococcal pneumonia in newborns
Staphylococcal pneumonia in infants is usually the result of infection in the maternity hospital in non-compliance with its hygienic conditions, as well as the mother in the first days of contact.Sometimes staphylococcal pneumonia develops against the backdrop of a viral infection.
Proceeds pneumonia this hard, with the development of areas of abscess formation in the lungs and with the formation of air pockets as a result of exposure to the toxin of staphylococcus, which dissolves the lung tissue.Often the disease is complicated by pleurisy (inflammation of the serous membrane covering the lungs) and pneumoempyema - accumulation of pus and air in the pleural cavity.Pneumoempyema formed by the destruction of the capsule of the abscess in the lung, the output of pus in the bronchi and pleural cavity formation messages with the lumen of the bronchi.
developing the disease in different ways, depending on the overall condition of the newborn, but most of all as the main manifestation of a high fever, shortness of breath, and sometimes respiratory disorders.Sometimes the severity of the child grows fairly slowly, as the development of changes in the lungs.
pathogens often exhibit resistance (lack of sensitivity) to many types of antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? .This greatly complicates the treatment of the primary stage, when antibiotics are required to appoint the first day of the disease, even before the results of tests on the sensitivity of pathogens to antibiotics.Especially dangerous is the use of antibiotics in the penicillin staphylococcal pneumonia, as they may stimulate the growth of pathogens.
viral pneumonia in infants
viral pneumonia in infants is usually caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV - a form of the herpes virus, type 5), and influenza virus.
CMV is interstitial pneumonia in newborns - ie inflammation in the connective tissue of the lung tissue basis.Most often, such pneumonia develops on the background of generalized cytomegalovirus intrauterine infection.This pneumonia, especially in debilitated newborns can manifest itself only shortness of breath.Some children may develop a dry cough paroxysmal dry cough - whether to worry about it? .The main thing in this situation - a timely diagnosis, but it is not so simple.Treat diseases using antiviral drugs (eg, ganciclovir) and the introduction of immunoglobulin antitsitomegalovirusnogo - tsitotekta.In addition, an antibiotic is prescribed, as in most cases, a viral joins bacterial infection.
respiratory infections from a virus pneumonia in infants often cause flu viruses.Process begins often with interstitial pneumonia, after which it can be complicated by development of focal or segmental pneumonia.Sometimes the cause of this complication is a bacterial infection.
manifested viral pneumonia in infants wheezing, breathlessness, vomiting, diarrhea, sudden bloating, intestinal colic, accompanied by a cry baby.The child becomes pale, bluish coloration of the skin is particularly visible in the nasolabial triangle and the fingers on the hands.
pneumonia in infants associated with airway obstruction
Premature babies cause of pneumonia may be the formation of hyaline membranes (walls) in the small airways (bronchioles) and alveoli (sacs at the ends of the bronchi).This pneumonia called asphyxial and runs very hard, including the development of atelectasis (spadenie) and emphysema (a dramatic expansion of the alveoli) of individual sections of the lung.
Pneumonia in infants with congenital pulmonary atelectasis or inhaled large amounts of amniotic fluid leak is usually very heavy and require mechanical ventilation.
Pneumonia in newborns - is always a serious disease.