Hemorrhagic vasculitis in children - a rare disease
hemorrhagic vasculitis Vasculitis - when blood vessels refuse to work - it is a rare disease, but it occurs in children more often than adults.This disease Schonlein - Henoch can take in children is very severe, for example, during a lightning or subacute with severe gastro-intestinal tract or kidneys.
Why the child can begin hemorrhagic vasculitis
hemorrhagic vasculitis (kapillyarotoksikoz's disease, Henoch - Schonlein purpura) - is an allergic inflammation of nature in the walls of small blood vessels (capillaries).
disease usually begins after some previous disease, vaccination, medication or food.Any of these factors may cause allergies and immunological disorders.Thus the body produces antibodies to the allergen and antigen-antibody complexes are deposited in the blood vessel walls, destroying them.With long-term course of the disease in autoimmune process proceeds - appear antibodies against its own tissues.
kapillyarotoksikoz in children can occur in the form of lightning.There are skin, skin and joints and skin, abdominal and renal forms of the disease occurring in the subacute form.
form Lightning Lightning
form of the disease usually occurs in preschool children after a viral (influenza, chickenpox Chickenpox: painfulbut not dangerous , measles) or bacterial (streptococcal or meningococcal infection), vaccinations, antibiotics.
Thus the child against the background of high temperature on the skin of the limbs and torso appear extensive hemorrhagic rash followed by necrosis and ulceration of the most affected areas.Characterized by necrosis of the skin over large joints, ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth, gastrointestinal bleeding.
If the child is not in time to help, he may die.Therefore, lightning forms of hemorrhagic vasculitis hemorrhagic vasculitis - a rare disease need emergency medical care in intensive care.
developing the disease a few weeks after infection, vaccination or any provoking factor.Appears first temperature, the child becomes listless, apathetic.Then he begins to pour in waves hemorrhagic rash.It is a small dot hemorrhages and larger hemorrhagic spots and papules.They are arranged individually or in groups, symmetrically on both sides.
Localized rashes in the extremities (legs, feet, thighs, arms, shoulders), the buttocks, on the sides of the front wall of the abdomen.At the back, the breast and the face may not be blocked or they are present in these areas in small quantities.In the oral mucosa (mainly in the sky) can also be seen hemorrhagic rash.
rash initially have a bright red or slightly bluish color, then darken, and after a few days can disappear altogether.
Dermatology and sustavnayaya form
affected joints may occur simultaneously with the rash, and may be a few days afterwards.The disease also begins with high fever, malaise, rash pours mostly in the affected joints.But the limbs are also rashes.
large joints (knee, ankle, elbow, etc.) swell, become painful, they disrupted traffic.But after a few days, the swelling subsides, the pain passes, and joint function is fully restored.
Dermatology and abdominal form
This form is considered severe.The disease begins with a sometimes severe cramping abdominal pain, and then there are skin rashes.But most skin gastrointestinal symptoms appear simultaneously.Attacks of pain are usually several times a day, the pain often localized in the navel or the right iliac region, whereby the disease can be confused with acute appendicitis.
Severe complication of this form is kapillyarotoksikoz intestinal bleeding that requires emergency medical care.It is also possible perforation of the intestinal wall and the subsequent development of peritonitis.
This form of the disease occurs in children seriously.At the forefront symptoms of acute glomerulonephritis: weakness, paleness, swelling, a complete lack of appetite on the background of a high temperature.Sometimes (but not always) increased blood pressure.In the urine of a child found blood and protein - the main features of glomerulonephritis.
In some cases, this form of the disease becomes chronic, often asymptomatic, over.This is very dangerous, because it leads to a decrease in kidney function.
hemorrhagic vasculitis in children Vasculitis in children - especially their treated only in a hospital, to provide full assistance to this child on an outpatient basis is impossible.