Dexamethasone is often administered to children in order to save lives.This drug acts quickly and is very effective, so it is indispensable, for example, when a child is choking under false croup - swelling of the larynx, often develops in young children in the background of acute respiratory diseases.
Dexamethasone children for emergency indications
Today found that dexamethasone can be used not only in the form of injections when a child with croup have false starts to choke.For non-severe and mild forms of false croup, when a child is just beginning barking cough (a sign of laryngitis) a single dose of dexamethasone in the treatment dose can not only remove the effects of acute laryngitis Acute laryngitis when neck ache , but also prevent the development of its recurrences.
As a rule, no side effects of dexamethasone in this case does not matter.
contraindications for the use of dexamethasone in this case is only the chicken pox, and a sharp decline in immunity in children.
dexamethasone is used in anaphylactic shock in children anaphylactic shock in children - a rare type of allergy , which is characterized by a sharp decrease in blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing? , which can lead to cardiac arrest.Dexamethasone in this case activates the adrenaline that causes a rapid rise in blood pressure and prevents the death of the child.But in this case, is only effective intravenous preparation.
dexamethasone treatment of chronic diseases in children
Dexamethasone has a very strong anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties.Therefore, it is often prescribed for children with severe chronic illnesses occurring.It allows you to remove the most severe symptoms and then go to the usual treatments.In most cases, this drug is prescribed short courses in such diseases in children such as bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, atopic dermatitis, glomerulonephritis, rheumatoid arthritis and so on.
But in some cases, long-term administration of dexamethasone.It certainly can cause some side effects, and therefore requires special care.The main dose of dexamethasone administered usually in the morning, re-admission to a lower dose - four to five hours after the first.This allows you to save your own rhythm of secretion of glucocorticoids by the adrenal cortex of the child.
You will cancel dexamethasone after treatment ends it gradually, otherwise there will be disruption of the adrenal glands.
In order to reduce possible side effects of dexamethasone in its long-term use, a child is assigned to a special diet.Food must be rich in protein (dexamethasone contributes to the destruction of the protein) and potassium (potassium, though to a lesser degree than other corticosteroids, but still excreted, which causes disruption of the cardiac muscle and general muscle weakness).Since dexamethasone is somewhat delayed in the body fluid and sodium in the diet should contain a reduced amount of salt.
long-term administration of dexamethasone also require children with systemic connective tissue diseases and some cancers.They also apply all the rules of dexamethasone.
The use of dexamethasone in treating preterm infants with impaired respiratory function
Premature babies often the incomplete maturation of the lung tissue.This leads to various disorders of the respiratory function.In addition, against such changes in the lungs of newborns often develop inflammation due to increase involved in bioactive substances.
One such substance is an interleukin, which begins to actively enter the bronchial and pulmonary area approximately one week after birth.To remove the inflammatory process, newborns prescribed dexamethasone, which actively inhibits the action of interleukin.
During clinical trials, it was found that the appointment of such children dexamethasone contributes to the prevention of respiratory failure, and does not affect the further development of the child.
Thus, dexamethasone Dexamethasone - one of the most effective corticosteroids used to treat children of any age.But it is a very effective drug with many side effects, so its use in children requires special care and compliance with certain rules that allow to reduce possible side effects of this drug to a minimum.Appointed dexamethasone children usually individually selected from the dosage and duration of individual treatment.This should take into account all the indications and contraindications for the use of dexamethasone, which can only be done by the doctor.Use dexamethasone child without a doctor's prescription is strictly contraindicated.