Stomatitis in children - how to protect children's delicate mouth?
- Stomatitis in children - how to protect children's delicate mouth?
- Features of stomatitis in children of different ages
Stomatitis - an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, which can affect the cheeks, lips, tongue and palate.The word "stomatitis" literally means inflammation of the mouth.Usually it is a painful condition that causes redness, swelling, and sometimes bleeding lesions.The cause of inflammation may be poor hygiene, burns from hot food or beverage, in different disturbances affecting the entire body, such as allergic reactions or infections.
In children, the most common herpetic stomatitis, herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - actually not so simple , and aphthous stomatitis.
Depending on its cause, disease can be contagious or not.For example, herpetic stomatitis is considered infectious.It can be transmitted to children with physical contact with people who have been active phase of infection caused by herpes.
Herpetic stomatitis most often occurs in children aged six months to five years, with the majority of cases occur in the age between the first and second years of life.Mouth disease usually develops in children older than ten years.It caused ulcers occur more frequently in girls than in boys.Children living in families with high socioeconomic status, may be more susceptible to this disease than those belonging to the poorer sections of the population.
The development of stomatitis can affect different factors.For example, braces, or cheek biting habit can cause constant irritation of the mucous membranes of the mouth.Constant mouth breathing due to nasal congestion or other reasons may cause dryness and irritation of the mouth tissues.The direct cause of herpes sores are herpes simplex virus.The cause canker sores is unknown, but it is assumed that it can be caused by several factors.For example, a child may have a genetic predisposition to the formation of ulcers or problems with the immune system.In addition, the alleged trigger canker sores include: emotional stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis , lack of iron, folic acid or vitamin B12, food allergies or viral infections, as well as monthly.
stomatitis is characterized by the appearance of the child's pain, discomfort or open sores in the mouth.Symptoms of herpetic stomatitis:
heat, sometimes 38.3-40S, which may appear a day or two before the formation of vesicles and ulcers in the mouth.
- Irritability and anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? .
- presence of bubbles in the mouth, often - the language, cheeks and palate, which then burst to form ulcers.Typically, small ulcer sizes - from 1 to 5 mm in diameter.
- Gum disease, sometimes - bleeding gums How to prevent bleeding gums: important rules .
- pain in the mouth.
- increased salivation.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- bad breath.
symptoms of canker sores
Burning and tingling in the mouth shortly before the appearance of other symptoms.
appearance of red spots and swelling in the mouth;after a while they become open sores.Their diameter of the pair of millimeters to one centimeter.Ulcers may be single, or gathered in clusters.In the center of the ulcer white or yellowish, and the edges - red.
If the child can not swallow normally, if he has a fever, he was very irritable and / or symptoms persist for three days, consult your doctor.If signs of dehydration need to call an ambulance.Signs of dehydration are;dry mouth, crying without tears, no urination for eight hours or more, or very dark urine.
Usually the doctor can diagnose stomatitis in children appearance of ulcers in the mouth.Ulcers appear when herpes and thrush, are different from each other.Laboratory tests are rare, but in some cases they are needed to rule out other diseases.