If adults giardiasis in most cases are asymptomatic, some children it can be shown clearly in the form of a number of characteristic features.In addition, giardiasis often masks other more serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, so children with suspected giardiasis should be fully investigated.
Causes of giardiasis in children
Giardiasis is caused by protozoa - Giardia.Giardia is strictly species of pathogens infection.So, in the human body live Giardia, which can pass only from person to person.Different species have their own kinds of Giardia.Therefore, a person can become infected with Giardia only from another person.
Giardia excreted in the feces in the form of cysts (in the form of "canned" state), which retain the ability to live outside the host for about three weeks.Infection can occur through dirty hands, contaminated household items (children through toys) and products.
Once in the human body through the mouth in the form of cysts, giardia settle in the small intesti
Adults giardiasis occurs usually in the form lyamblionositelstva that does not manifest itself.Children as giardia very active breed and tend to disrupt the absorption of food in the small intestine.As a result, it suffers from the general status and physical development of the child.
Symptoms of giardiasis in children
In children, the presence of large amounts in the intestine lamblia, there is a number of characteristic symptoms of giardiasis:
- constant exhausting diarrhea, sometimes alternating diarrhea and constipation, violation of appetite, bloating;
- cramping abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms ;
- weight loss, retarded child's physical development, anemia, impaired immunity, dehydration, which manifests itself in the form of dry skin;
- feces found in the study of a large number of undigested fat (a consequence of malabsorption of food in the small intestine) and Giardia cysts;warm feces can be found trofozoidy lamblia.
If your child shows signs of the disease, similar to giardiasis, it must undergo a complete examination.The fact that the manifestations of giardiasis often "hide" other, more serious diseases, which for the time being can proceed unnoticed.Giardiasis exacerbated during such diseases, while "obscuring" of their manifestation.It may be a chronic disease of the stomach (gastritis, stomach ulcer), pancreas Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know (pancreatitis), large and small intestines (enterocolitis), biliary tract (cholangitis and cholecystitis).If time does not detect such diseases, they can cause a number of complications.
Giardiasis often the basis for the development of different allergic diseases that are not treatable as long as the body will not be removed giardia.
Diagnosis and treatment of giardiasis in children
To put a child diagnosed with giardiasis, laboratory confirmation is necessary.The material for the study is fresh (warm) cal child - only in this stool can be detected in children trofozoidy lamblia.Giardia cysts can be found in the feces cooled down.In addition, trofozoidy can see contents of the duodenum, which is taken at the time of sensing.
Confirmed laboratory diagnosis of giardiasis should be an occasion for a full examination of the gastrointestinal tract of the child.
Medication Treatment giardiasis giardiasis - if small intestine rebels carried out only if the child has severe symptoms of the disease.If they are not (lyamblionositelstvo) or they expressed slightly, treatment no excuse.Suffice it to closely monitor the child to wash their hands often, do not take them into your mouth every day to change his underwear.Since Giardia live a maximum of 40 days, this time is usually enough to get rid of giardiasis.
If lamblia in the small intestine much and they cause indigestion, pain, anemia and developmental delay a child, carried out medical treatment.For this purpose, appointed such drugs as metronidazole Metronidazole - what is it? (Trichopolum) furozolidon and duration of treatment - from a week to a month.
Appointed as a health food, in which a child excluded from the diet, desserts, cakes, rolls, that is digestible carbohydrates, which are a good food for Giardia.To restore normal intestinal microflora is prescribed probiotics (beneficial bacteria that live in the intestines to help digest food and heals the gut) and vitamins and minerals.