- oppositional defiant disorder - unmotivated aggression
- Diagnosis and treatment of oppositional defiant disorder
Lately you often notice that your child if replaced:he is constantly irritated, aggressive, disobedient, suits fit for anyone, even the most insignificant occasion.It is contrary to the whole, and even fights with other children (or simply hit them).Teachers at school, friends and acquaintances - all converge in the opinion that to your child that something is wrong.
closer look closely, you will notice that in the presence of adults, especially you, the parents, the child behaves quite differently.In your relationships, especially tender and cloudless, there was tension.What's going on with your baby?Are these attacks of unmotivated aggression - only signs of growing up?And they will disappear over time, or the child's character changed forever?
confusion and helplessness that you feel right now, does not help you solve this complex situation.Only armed with information,
oppositional defiant disorder
Biennial children, teenagers and even young people can suffer oppositional defiant disorder.This disorder is characterized by the fact that the child is constantly arguing with adults, scandals and feels a strong sense of resentment and anger.Prior to puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path this disorder occurs more often in boys than in girls, but after the beginning of puberty equally often observed in boys and girls.This is a dangerous disorder occurs in 6-25% of children and adolescents.
Children with oppositional defiant disorder, and there are other behavioral disorders: attention deficit disorder / hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities, affective and anxiety disorders.In severe cases, the child is developing conduct disorder (conduct disorder).
outbreaks of aggression and anger happen in all children, because often they do not like to listen to adults and do what they are told.But the children, depending on age, different express their disagreement and protest.Some argue with adults, others cry, others arrange a tantrum, the fourth turn in on themselves.All these are different ways to protest.But if the child is always protests, it may be a sign of psychological distress.
defiant attitude towards adults and peers, hostile and aggressive behavior can cause conflicts in the family and school.It is therefore important to know as much as possible about the oppositional defiant disorder, to be able to recognize it and to diagnose.
reasons oppositional defiant disorder
medical experts have not yet come to the same conclusion with respect to the root cause of oppositional defiant disorder.Extensive research on the subject has shown that disorder can develop under the combined influence of biological, genetic and environmental factors.
- biological factors: the development of oppositional defiant disorder associated changes in the neurotransmitters of the brain.Neurotransmitters are composed of amino acids contained in food proteins.Neurotransmitters - a chemical transmitter impulses between nerve cells.
- Raising or lowering the level of neurotransmitters (ie, a deviation from the norm) leads to sudden mood swings and changes in the thinking process, becausebroken transmission of nerve impulses.Therefore, people with such disorders have a sense of irritation, they have no fear of punishment, they often can not adequately perceive the reality and to communicate normally, which leads to the development of psychiatric disorders and neurological disorders.
- genetic factors: the scientists obtained data suggest that oppositional defiant disorder may be a hereditary disease.Often it turns out that close relatives of children and adolescents with this disorder are also susceptible to this disease.Psychologists believe that the likelihood of a genetic predisposition of the disease is much higher.
- external factor: the psychological environment at home and at school plays a decisive role in the development of oppositional defiant disorder.Caught in an unfavorable psychological situation, a child or teenager with unstable level neytromediatorov or genetic predisposition risks to be among those who suffer from oppositional defiant disorder.Among the main external factors that contribute to the development of this disorder, isolated domestic violence, violence from peers and adults, sexual violence, indifference of parents, disastrous financial situation (poverty) or the poor quality of life, drug and alcohol use by parents.
addition to the three above-mentioned factors, some medical experts recovered a number of reasons, which can be roughly grouped under two theories.
- theory of development: the stubbornness of children with oppositional defiant disorder, can be explained by their lack of development.Such children are simply delayed in the development of 2-3 years, and therefore exhibit all the characteristics of this age and are unable to accept rational arguments.
- Training theory: According to this theory, the disorder occurs in response to the inability of parents to show enough love and understanding in the child's upbringing Raising a child: who will win? .From early childhood, the child is exposed to aggression by adults, for example, in the absence of training or too strict discipline.As a result, in response to this attitude child may turn inward and become rebellious and aggressive.
very difficult to distinguish a stubborn and rebellious child Naughty child: a guide to action or adolescent from his peers suffering from oppositional defiant disorder.Long gone are the days when children and adolescents are respected and unquestioningly obey their parents, teachers and other adults.Today's kids love to argue and do not hesitate to say what they think about this or that.Therefore, the detection of oppositional defiant disorder should focus on the extent and frequency of the manifestations of aggression, stubbornness and rebelliousness.
compare a child with his peers.Observe his behavior to understand how failures occur regularly, conflicts with children and adults.Examine his relationship with family members, teachers, peers and strangers.If the conflict behavior continues for more than 6 months, and if you notice at least four of the following characteristics likely the child suffers oppositional defiant disorder.
- child often loses control of himself
- child behaves aggressively
- child argues with his parents and other adults do not listen to them
- child deliberately irritating others
- child apathetic or can not play with other children
- child oftenangry or nervous
- child refuses to comply with the rules (at school and home)
- child too stubborn
- The child often occur hysterical fits
- child can not communicate normally with peers
- child does not want to study or engage in other activities organized
- child long remember insults and do not forget to remind them