Rickets - a disease of infants and young children, characterized by the disturbance of bone formation and mineralization failure caused primarily by deficiency of vitamin D and its active form in the period of most intensive growth of the organism.Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium, which is necessary for the full development of the bone tissue and the nervous system.Vitamin D begins to produce under the action of ultraviolet rays, but in autumn and winter, especially in an urban setting sun a little, which leads to a deficiency of vitamin D and, as a consequence, to rickets.
Artificial feeding, late introduction of complementary foods and supplementation, plenty of cereals in the diet (substances contained in cereals, inhibit the intestinal absorption of calcium) - all these factors contribute to the development of rickets.Premature babies are also more susceptible to this disease.Contributing factors also include: environmental factors, lack of physical activity (
most easily occurs and heavier rickets occurs in late autumn, winter and early spring, because for a long time that children remain indoors, and being on the air, in the clothes, tight-fitting body, they get a little ultraviolet rays.In winter, when the sun is low on the horizon, and the sky is covered with clouds, and long clouds, UV rays are delayed and almost fall to the ground.Less ultraviolet rays reach the earth's surface in the early morning and in the evening when the sun is low.
often the cause of rickets is a genetic predisposition, but the disease is most often caused by poor nutrition and poor living conditions.Moreover, over the big cities with their high-rise buildings and gassed a dense smoke screen, it does not pass the required amount of ultraviolet radiation from the sun.As a result, much needed baby vitamin D, which should produce skin exposed to UV radiation, not form.There are the following main causes of the disease rickets:
- lack of UV radiation;
- inappropriate feeding (feeding someone else's baby milk that causes poor absorption of calcium, protein meals monotonous food or food with saturated lipid, micronutrient deficiency, B vitamins B vitamins: the body useful helpers and vitamin A);
- premature baby;
- endogenous factors (disturbance of vitamin D absorption in the intestines, disturbance of hydroxylation of the inactive form of vitamin D into its active form - vitamin D3 in the liver and the kidney, or the absence of a violation of the functional activity of receptors for vitamin D3);
- predisposition to the disease.
Signs and symptoms of rickets
Rickets - a disease of the growing organism, affects primarily the skeletal system.However, you may suffer and the nervous system and muscular, and digestive (in severe rickets children do not gain weight, there are frequent vomiting, a violation of the chair), and blood (in severe rickets are anemia) and immune (children are often sick, andbanal SARS on the background of rickets can occur very hard).
most rough changes caused by rickets occur in those parts of the skeleton, which at the time the disease is growing faster in all: in the first months of life, there are changes in the bones of the skull (they become more pliable, soft, expressed frontal and parietal bumps), and then - on thechest (so-called "rib rosary" arising from the transition points of the rib cartilage into bone), by the year changes may be on the hands and feet (tibia deformation and small joints).
most susceptible to the disease rickets in babies aged from two to three months to two or three years.But there is also the so-called "late rickets" - it may be a case of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, when disturbed absorption of vitamin D, in diseases of the pancreas Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know , while poor nutrition, from living in the dark, semi-basement.
Treatment of rickets
rickets Treatment depends on the period and the severity of the disease.Specific treatment is carried out preparations of vitamin D. Of great importance in the treatment of a balanced diet, adequate exposure to fresh air, conducting massages and therapeutic exercises, UFO, sunbathing, salt and pine baths, vitamin and other restorative activities.UFO and sunbathing should not be taken together with vitamin D. It is also useful in swimming - rickets sick children should be bathed every day, conducting water gymnastics - neatly splay and limbs, stroking, giving the baby to produce arms and legs swimming movements (to do this timeoccasionally bathe him in a large tub, with plenty of space).