Umbilical hernia occurs when a fragment of the intestine protrudes through an opening in the abdominal muscles.Umbilical hernia is most often seen in children, but adults from it are not immune.In infants umbilical hernia is particularly evident when the baby cries, and his umbilical wound rises.This is a classic sign of an umbilical hernia.
In most cases, umbilical hernia goes away on its own, without treatment, to a year, although sometimes recovery takes longer.In order to prevent complications caused by umbilical hernia, which does not disappear until 4 years of age or occurs in adulthood may need surgical intervention.
Umbilical hernia - a fairly common condition in most cases do not pose a health risk.
Symptoms of an umbilical hernia
Umbilical hernia - a soft seal or the bulge around the navel.Size crown can vary from 1 to 5 centimeters in diameter.Hernia emerges through a hole in the abdominal wall, where during fetal development Fetal development - week after week was the umbilical cord.This occurs when the compression is insufficient muscle and tissue surrounding the umbilical cord.
If your child has an umbilical hernia, you may notice a bulge only when he is crying, coughing, or straining abdominal muscles.Convexity is invisible when the child is calm, or lying on the back.
Umbilical hernia in children is usually painless.Umbilical hernia in adults can cause abdominal discomfort.
When should you see a doctor
If you suspect that your child has an umbilical hernia, consult your pediatrician.Immediately contact emergency medical care if a child has an umbilical hernia:
- baby cries or worries that may be a sign of pain;
- the child starts vomiting;
- bulge becomes sensitive, swollen or lighter.
The same rules apply to adults.Consult your doctor if you have appeared bulge around the navel.Contact an emergency medical service, if the bulge becomes painful or sensitive.Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications.
Causes of umbilical hernia
During pregnancy, the umbilical cord passes through a small hole (umbilical cord) in the abdominal wall of the child.Just before the birth of this hole is usually closed.If between the abdominal muscles is skylight, this weakness of the abdominal wall may lead to umbilical hernia in the first months of life or later.
In adult umbilical hernia can be caused by an increase in intra-abdominal pressure and strain on the abdominal muscles.Possible causes umbilical hernia in adults:
- heavy lifting;
- nagging cough;
- multiple pregnancy;
- presence of fluid in the abdomen (ascites).
Umbilical hernia occurs most often in infants, especially premature and low birth weight infants.The disease occurs in both boys and girls.In adults, the risk factors are overweight and multiple pregnancy.
Complications of umbilical hernia
Children umbilical hernia complications are rare.Complications may arise when performing abdominal tissues violated and can not be vpravleny back into the abdominal cavity.This reduces blood flow to the protruding pieces of intestine and can cause pain in the umbilicus and tissue damage.Strangulated hernia in adults can lead to gangrene hernia sac (that is fraught with the spread of infection throughout the abdomen and serious complications) and adhesive intestinal obstruction.To eliminate the infringement of an umbilical hernia requires immediate surgery.
Diagnosis of umbilical hernia
Umbilical hernia is diagnosed during a physical exam.Sometimes doing blood tests blood test: the mirror of health , an ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and the X-ray examination.It is necessary to identify complications.
Treatment umbilical hernia
Typically, umbilical hernia in children by the year passes, without any special treatment.During the medical examination, the doctor may straighten a hernia in the abdominal cavity.Do not attempt to reduce a hernia and do not try to restrain the bulging tissue (not primatyvayte tape a coin on top of the navel) - it can only worsen your condition and contributes to the spread of infection.
Children rarely reduce a umbilical hernia surgically.This happens only in the following cases:
- if hernia increases with time;
- if the hernia is not disappearing to 4 years;
- if there is infringement of a hernia.
In adults, surgery is the recommended treatment to prevent possible complications.Relapses are unlikely umbilical hernia.