in dark woods and pine forests are often found juniper - a plant that is traditionally used in folk medicine as a remedy, as well as a seasoning for various dishes and a means for preserving vegetables.Medicinal properties of juniper have been known to doctors of ancient Egypt, in Russia, this plant was considered native Russian.
What is and where juniper grows
Juniper (Veres) - is an evergreen coniferous shrub or small tree from the cypress family.Its height reaches 1-3 meters, bark brown, scaly, leaves linear, dlinnozaostrennye, covered with a waxy bloom.Flowers in May, fruits single black shishkoyagody ripen in the autumn of next year.
Juniper is widely distributed in the European part of the country, in Siberia, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Urals.It grows in coniferous forests, forming thickets on the edges.It is found on the edge of forests, forest slopes of the mountains.
chemical composition of juniper and Harvestable thereof medicinal raw materials
With the purpose of treatment using ripe fruit juniper (shishkoyagody) black and blue, which are collected in late autumn.The fruit shake to spread out under a bush canvas, then sorted, cleaned of impurities and dried in the open air, in a ventilated area or in a dryer at a temperature no higher than 40 ° C, with frequent stirring.Dry fruits in furnaces is not recommended, as this worsens the quality of raw materials.Well-dried raw materials can be stored up to three years.
Juniper contain a lot of sugars, resins, waxes, organic acids (acetic acid, ascorbic acid, malic), minerals, pigments and up to 2%essential oil Essential oils and conception: can help roses? , which includes a variety of biologically active substances.
The juniper crust contains a lot of tannins, and essential oils in the leaves - a lot of vitamin C and volatile (biologically active substances with a pronounced antimicrobial action).
Medicinal properties of juniper
Infusion Juniper has a diuretic effect, which is associated mainly with the presence in the fruit essential oil, which enhances the filtration processes in the kidneys and inhibits the reuptake of certain salts - it promotes the active removal of fluid from the body.But long-term use drugs juniper can irritate kidney tissue.
Preparations of juniper and enhance education and bile excretion, increase the secretion of gastric juice and locomotor activity (peristalsis) of the intestine, have antimicrobial action.
juniper essential oil helps to liquefy secretions bronchial tubes and facilitates its removal due to increasing the activity of the ciliated epithelium of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract.
Application juniper medicine
drugs prescribed juniper:
- as a diuretic for edema renal and cardiovascular origin;
- as an antimicrobial agent in chronic inflammatory diseases of the kidney and urinary tract (in the complex therapy);
- in acute and chronic inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract to liquefy phlegm and spitting it;
- in various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract to excite the appetite, improve digestion and intestinal motor activity;
- for liver and biliary tract (especially in the stagnation of bile, and tendency to the formation of gallstones) to improve education of the liver and its excretion into the intestine;
- with decreasing immunity Immunity - the types and characteristics of children in adult (for example, abrasions);
- when a breakdown (for example, after an illness);
- in inflammation of the joints Inflammation of the joints - how to relieve the pain? (as baths and compresses).
Juniper contraindicated in acute inflammation, and especially infectious allergic diseases of the kidneys (glomerulonephritis), because they irritate the kidney tissue, which may aggravate the patient's condition.
How to prepare medicines juniper
juniper in the home, you can prepare the infusion: a tablespoon of chopped dried fruit is placed in an enamel bowl, pour a glass of hot boiled water, cover with a lid and heated in boiling water (for waterbath) for 15 minutes, then cooled, filtered, pressing the fruit, made up to the initial level and take on a tablespoon 3 times a day after meals (to keep the infusion can be no more than two days in the refrigerator).
spring, with a breakdown recommend chewing juniper fruit, starting with 4 a day and up to 15 (daily adding one) and then gradually reaching the baseline.
Juniper - a great medicinal plant, but it can also have negative effects on the body, so it is best to take on prescription.