Pregnant women are always interested to know everything related to pregnancy, especially when it concerns children.Often, any, even the smallest deviation from the norm during the pregnancy, the woman begins to panic.It should not do it, because to explain and reassure the woman can always obstetrician-gynecologist of female consultation.
What is the placenta and its proper attachment
placenta is also called child seats.This is a temporary body which is formed and works only during pregnancy.But it is very important because it is through the placenta to the baby communicates with the mother.Hence, it receives the necessary structure for tissue protein for energy and maintaining the body - carbohydrates for proper metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living - fats, vitamins and minerals.The placenta and the baby gets oxygen - without the body of the fetus can not exist.These are all products of metabolism and the placenta.
placenta protects the baby from infection, do n
placenta looks like a disk with a diameter of about 15 cm and weighing about 0.5 kg, which is attached to the uterine wall.It covers two records: one that is addressed to the fetus (it fits the umbilical cord of the fetus), and one that is attached to the uterine wall.Between the plates there are numerous blood vessels.Place placental important.Normally, the placenta is attached to the front or rear wall of the uterus closer to its bottom (the bottom of the uterus is at the top) - at this point a lot of blood vessels, so to create the most favorable conditions for the attachment of the placenta and the formation of utero-placental blood flow.
Types and causes of improper placental
In some cases, the placenta attaches low, sometimes covering part or all of the output from the cavityuterus - is the attachment called partial or complete placenta previa.This is a very dangerous condition, which almost always ends with heavy bleeding during childbirth, so the delivery is usually done by cesarean section.
But it also is the attachment of the placenta when it is low, but the seats out of the uterus does not reach.Such attachment is called the low or low placental placentation.
condition that, in general, is not dangerous and does not prevent vaginal birth, however, the woman should know about it and comply with certain conditions.
due to incorrect attachment of the placenta are a violation of the state of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium), which result from the previously transferred abortion, obstructed labor, post-partum and post-abortion infection, inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs.Changes prevent endometrial implantation (introduction) of a fertilized egg in the right place and location of implantation shifts.
The dangerously low placentation
At low placentation placenta is only a few centimeters from the exit of the uterus, as well as the baby grows, its mass increases, the movements become more and more active, and increased pressure on the placenta.Any exercise and sudden movements (especially jumping) increased pressure on low-lying placenta and can cause bleeding.
During childbirth the muscles of the uterus contract, the uterus shrinks, decreasing in volume.Placenta is not reduced, so its blood vessels, welded to the wall of the uterus tighten, they can break and cause premature detachment of the placenta - a very dangerous condition, which is always accompanied by heavy bleeding.
low placentation can be dangerous for the child: in the lower uterus passes fewer blood vessels, which means that the child may receive less nutrients and oxygen, because of which will suffer its development.
That is why women with low placentation be carefully observed obstetrician-gynecologist of female consultation.But it is not all bad: the placenta can be shifted, often in time for 33-34 weeks, she goes up (after growing uterus) and thus removed all the dangers it is not attached properly.
Guidelines for Pregnant Women with low placentation
women with low placentation should observe the following rules:
- avoid strenuous exercise, do not make sudden movements, do not jump;
- sitting and lying down to attach the legs elevated position (it improves blood circulation in the placenta and contribute to its recovery);
- refuse sex life;
- if the doctor offers to go to the department of pathology of pregnancy to save, you should not refuse - perhaps the child needs "feeding";
- the appearance of the first signs of bleeding or spotting should consult a doctor, and if the bleeding is strong enough - to call an ambulance.
low placentation does not require treatment, but to a regime and to monitor their state of the woman is obliged.