The thyroid gland secretes important for the body's hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are necessary for proper development of the fetus of all organs and systems.Thyroid hormones and later, after the birth will support all the organs and systems of a child's growing body.The lack of thyroid function causes various complications of pregnancy.
How does the thyroid gland during pregnancy
Normally during pregnancy increases the function of the thyroid gland, which helps it to some widening.About this feature was known to the ancient, so sign of pregnancy women in ancient Egypt was considered a gap thin silk thread on the neck, which is supposed to wear a married woman.
fetus thyroid gland starts to develop at the end of the first month of pregnancy, and by the end of the third month, she can already accumulate iodine itself synthesize hormones.By the end of the fourth month of pregnancy, the thyroid gland of the fetus is fully operational.
In this regard, it is clear that whi
Effect of hypothyroidism on the condition of the pregnant woman and the fetus
If the areas, where a pregnant woman, there is a deficiency of iodine,Hypothyroidism is she can form before pregnancy and proceed hidden.Therefore, in the planning period of pregnancy, it is desirable to investigate the blood for thyroid hormones.If it showed a reduction in thyroid function that is prescribed hormone replacement therapy Hormone therapy - can cheat nature? - will have to take drugs during pregnancy.
This must be done necessarily, because hypothyroidism is often threatened miscarriage, fetal death or birth of a child with a variety of developmental abnormalities.Often in such cases developed deaf-mutism, impairment, brain damage to the further development of cretinism.Negatively affected by the lack of thyroid hormones and the mother's body.
cause of hypothyroidism in a pregnant woman can be very different, but most often it occurs against the backdrop of thyroiditis - inflammation of the thyroid gland.Furthermore, hypothyroidism can begin after resection of the thyroid gland, the shortage of iodine.Secondary hypothyroidism occurs due to various diseases of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism in pregnant women
If a pregnant woman is reduced thyroid function, then doubled her complaints of fatigue, lethargy, typical of pregnancy.In addition, the woman has symptoms such as sensitivity to cold (it is constantly freezing), dry and flaky skin, brittle nails and hair, hair loss.Sometimes there is a hoarse voice, the face becomes puffy, especially visible swelling of the lower eyelids.Complexion pale yellowish color.Often there is nasal congestion, the tongue swells and does not fit in the oral cavity, on each side there are imprints on the side of the teeth.
Many signs of hypothyroidism referred to signs of pregnancy, but if you look closely, they can always be distinguished.
If you suspect hypothyroidism is necessary to examine the blood for thyroid hormones.Already on this analysis it will be approximately seen where the disease process - in the thyroid gland itself thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones or in the brain.Thyroid were also examined using ultrasound, if necessary, make a puncture and take the contents of a study.
timely conduct inspection reveals hypothyroidism in early pregnancy and the right to appoint adequate treatment.
gipotiroza treatment in pregnant
If a pregnant woman showed signs of hypothyroidism, it is prescribed substitution treatment.Inside designate usually L-thyroxine Thyroxine - the main thyroid hormone - a synthetic analogue of thyroid hormones.Dose establishes doctor first assigned a small dose and then once a week if there are no signs of heart disorders (this is a sign of overdose), and gradually increase the dose adjusted to the desired.
With proper and timely replacement therapy, pregnancy and childbirth occur normally, born a healthy child.