It is known that during pregnancy there is hormonal changes the body, and a weakening of the immune system.Therefore pregnancy is a predisposing factor for exacerbation of many hidden diseases.Especially dangerous herpes during pregnancy, it does not matter, there was a primary infection or worsening.Typically, most pregnant herpes infection occurs as cold lips (herpes labialis), or in the form of genital herpes.
What is herpes?
Herpes treat a viral infection, the agent is the herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - actually not so simple (HSV) of several types.While the disease affects the skin and mucous membranes of the human body.Labial herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus type first, and genital herpes (genital herpes) is called genital herpes.After the incident the herpes virus infection in most cases is in a dormant state in nerve ganglia.Activation of the virus occurs after exposure to adverse factors: hypothermia, stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis , decreased immunity.Pregnant state itself waiting child is a predisposing factor for the activation of the virus.Transmission occurs from person to person by direct contact.Genital herpes is sexually transmitted.It should be noted that it is possible herpes infection of the child through the placenta.
clinical picture of herpes
As noted, herpes infection in pregnant women is manifested in the form of cold on the lips or in the form of genital herpes:
- labial herpes
development of the disease occurs in four stages.The first itching or discomfort in the lips may malaise, and a rise in temperature.Itching may be not only on the lips, but on the tongue or other parts of the face.In the second stage - the stage of inflammation, which is characterized by a small swelling and soreness of the lips, with the time it is distributed, occupying a large surface.In the third stage, the opening of herpetic vesicles, from which it follows clear liquid (it contains a large number of viral embryos).In place of the opening of the bubbles formed sore.And at last, the fourth stage is the formation of scabs, which are located on the surface of ulcers.Palpation of painful, you may experience slight bleeding.
- Genital herpes
Genital herpes is actually a little different from the herpes labialis.Only the herpes localized on the skin of large and small labia, vaginal mucosa and cervix.Length of genital herpes is seven to ten days.In addition, changes in the nature of genital herpes, vaginal discharge.They are becoming scarce and watery.To continue such isolation between five and seven days.Also, the deterioration of the general condition, the occurrence of muscle pain, headache, fever up to 39 degrees.Some pregnant women notice itching or burning in the urogenital area until the herpetic vesicles.
the traumas of herpes during pregnancy are numerous:
- abortions, development of non-viable pregnancy missed abortion - do not lose faith in yourself (in the case of infection in the first trimester of pregnancy);
- congenital anomalies of the fetus;
- lesions of the brain (microcephaly);
- heart defects;
- congenital viral pneumonia;
- the traumas of herpes to the baby (after birth):
- sudden death of a child after birth;
- cerebral palsy;
Treatment of herpes during pregnancy is carried outer antiviral drugs (ointments, creams, gels).Pregnant contraindicated to take systemic (oral) antiviral drugs.The most common ointments are acyclovir Acyclovir - as it is safe? (used for five - seven days), oxolinic, alpizarinovaya ointments and tromantadine (appointed within ten days).To soften the scabs are used lubrication crusts fir oil, chamomile cream or ointment Calendula.To stimulate immunity appointed immunoglobulins.