Happy are the parents whose child is healthy.But how much force is necessary to make the expectant mother and the father and the future, to conceive, carry and give birth to a healthy baby.Therefore, more and more couples are suitable for the birth of the child thoroughly.The first step towards the birth of a healthy child - is planning to become pregnant: avoiding harmful habits, healthy life, correction of chronic diseases and visiting the doctor-genetics.But of great importance in planning a pregnancy folic acid well before conception.
Folic acid (vitamin B9 or folacin) is derived from the Latin word folium, which translates as a sheet, so it is in great quantity in the green stuff.Folic acid is a vital vitamin and its role in the body is truly irreplaceable.Folic acid is involved in the synthesis of nucleic acid metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living , blood (red cells, platelets and white blood cells), stimulates mental activity, immune and regenerative
folic acid when planning pregnancy
Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy leads to irreversible consequences, which is why it is so important to take folacin at the stage of preparation for conception.Folic acid prevents the development of neural tube defects, which include spina bifida, anencephaly (absence of a brain), brain herniation, cleft lip and cleft palate.In addition, with a lack of folic acid deficiency anemia folievodefitsitnoy develops when the red blood cells out of the bone marrow immature, and the woman feels tired and irritable with poor appetite.Also, folic acid deficiency - is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and stroke.
man also shows folic acid during pregnancy planning.The lack of folacin reduces the semen of healthy and motile sperm.
Where contain folic acid?
Most of folic acid found in foods of plant origin.These include: Parsley Parsley health and beauty , lettuce, spinach, bran Cuts - benefits and harms by type , yeast, green peas, beans, citrus fruits, avocados, buckwheat and oat groatspumpkin, nuts.Of the products of animal origin, the highest content of folic acid in the liver.Also folic acid is part of the meat (lamb, beef), fish (salmon, tuna), eggs, cheese and milk.
For the normal functioning of the intestine and stimulate the bacteria involved in the synthesis of folic acid, lactic acid is recommended to follow a diet.
dosage of folic acid during pregnancy planning
On the recommendations of the World Health Organization folic acid should begin no later than three months before the alleged conception.The daily dose of folic acid for women should be at least 0.8 milligrams (800 micrograms), and if there is a history of children with congenital neural tube dose increases up to four milligrams.Men taking folic acid as shown in the three months prior to conception, at a daily dose of 0.4 milligrams (400 micrograms).
preparations containing folic acid
- folic acid tablets
One tablet contains 1,000 micrograms (1 milligram).Take one tablet once a day.But given the frequent flowing hidden vitamin deficiencies, the dose is increased to two or three tablets per day.
One tablet contains 5,000 mg (5 mg), and assigned to a therapeutic, not prophylactic.
One tablet contains 400 micrograms (0.4 milligrams) of folic acid and 200 micrograms of iodine.The drug is a complex and requires additional intake of iodine.
The composition of one tablet enters 5,000 mg (5 mg) of folic acid and also assigned to the purpose of treatment.
- multivitamin complex
Materna, Multi-tabs, Eleven, Pregnavit, Vitrum, Prenatal.They contain folic acid in various dosages.