During pregnancy, especially in women increases the need for vitamins and minerals.Therefore, prophylactic pregnant appoint a special vitamin-mineral complexes.But this does not mean that ordinary vitamins woman no longer needed, just almost all vitamin-mineral complexes there is a shortage of some materials needed for women.
Which substances woman needs at a particular stage of pregnancy
In the first weeks of pregnancy women need vitamins and minerals is not so high.Basically, it needs folic acid and iodine.Therefore, any special vitamins in the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of pregnancy tend not to appoint.During this period, it is better not to take synthetic vitamins.The need for folic acid, which protects the fetus from birth defects can be covered by eating bananas Bananas: benefit and harm to health , legumes, green leafy vegetables, iceberg and Brussels sprouts, beets, veal liver.Iodine is involved in the formation of thyroid hormones Thyroid hormones: mechanism of action
In the second trimester of pregnancy, the need for vitamins and minerals increases dramatically and the only food they have hard to fill.Here come to the aid of vitamin-mineral complexes.Assign them a long time, course, with small breaks throughout the pregnancy.All vitamins and minerals are involved in the "construction" of fetal cells by maintaining normal metabolism in the body of the mother.But the most useful minerals such as magnesium (inhibits contraction of muscles of the uterus, ie prevents miscarriage Miscarriage - whether it can be insured? , supports the work of the heart), calcium (involved in many vital processes and the formation of fetal tissue)iron (prevents the appearance of anemia in pregnant women), phosphorus (bone-forming and teeth).
pregnancy can cause a woman's body changes such as acceleration or deceleration of metabolic processes, changes in the cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys (including violation of the excretion of toxic substances from the body), a variety of endocrine changes.As a result, when taking certain medications before normally tolerable, a woman may receive unexpected response, up to a complete intolerance, there is a danger of drug allergy.In this case, the intake of vitamins should stop and fill the shortage of vitamins and minerals through natural foods.
Comparative characteristics of mineral complexes for pregnant
Maternity produced a lot of vitamin and mineral supplements, they are not all equal, sodoctors often prescribe such complexes to suit individual needs and condition of the pregnant woman.Characteristics of the most famous vitamin-mineral complexes:
- Elevit pronatal - designed by the famous Swiss company F. Hoffmann-La Roche especially for pregnant women;It contains many magnesium and folic acid, but does not contain iodine;
- Materna is available in two forms;dosage form contains a lot of magnesium, vitamin A, and B vitamins, because of which the allergic reactions often occur and there is an increase of liver enzymes in the biochemical analysis of blood;appointed mainly for symptoms of magnesium deficiency (muscle weakness, tremor, seizures, insomnia, irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , anxiety, heart rhythm disorders, diarrhea, flatulence and intestinal cramps);Centrum Materna - biologically active food supplement, it can be taken to all pregnant women;
- multitabs perinatal - contains enough magnesium, iodine and folic acid, but the dose of vitamin A is not enough;well suited to healthy pregnant women, but for different deficient states of the doctor usually appoints the other complexes;
- alphabet "Mother's Health" - contains a lot of iodine, vitamin C, but not enough folic acid, and magnesium;but manufacturers claim that as a result of separation of components (they are divided into three tablets, the compatibility of the individual components) are better absorbed, do not inhibit the activity of each other and therefore sufficient and smaller doses;
- vitrum Prenatal (10 vitamins and mineral substances 3 - iron, zinc and calcium) and vitrum Prenatal forte (13, 10 vitamins and minerals);the first drug available to a pregnant woman needed magnesium and iodine, but enough folic acid, vitamins A, D. It reduces the risk of birth defects, anemia and calcium deficiency in the mother's body, strengthens the immune system;the second drug has all the necessary components, it is prescribed for the prevention of placental insufficiency, toxemia and the threat of termination of pregnancy, anemia.
There is still a lot of vitamin and mineral supplements for pregnant women, to help them understand the woman doctor of female consultation.