Dental treatment during pregnancy: can and should be
Sometimes teeth have to be treated during pregnancy.It would be better, of course, to do this before the pregnancy as planned, but anything can happen during pregnancy, your teeth are destroyed faster than usual.Treat your teeth during pregnancy is not only possible, but necessary.Moreover, good dental clinics there are special programs of dental treatment in pregnant women.
cause decay during pregnancy
During pregnancy, nearly every woman having problems with their teeth.This happens for two reasons:
- first reason - the growing fetus to form new cells requires calcium;especially a lot of calcium in the bones and teeth, and these tissues are laid and developed already in utero;the calcium in our food is often scarce and therefore gives his mother's body calcium child;The resulting enamel becomes more delicate and vulnerable;
- second reason - a pregnant woman's immune system is reduced - a physiological response, otherwise how could she bear a child, the cells which are foreign to its organism;with a decrease in immunity is enhanced reproduction of pathogenic microflora, including in the mouth;enzymes secreted by bacteria that accumulate on the surface of the teeth, gradually erode the enamel thinned to form ever increasing cavity, that is, tooth decay begins, which gradually "eats" the tooth and the tooth itself becomes the focus of infection, dangerous to the woman's body - the infection can cause inflammationin any tissue, got there on the bloodstream.
How to treat teeth during pregnancy
During pregnancy teeth treated with the most gentle way.Pain during treatment of women do not have to endure.In order to remove it, there are drugs for local anesthesia, which do not fall into the bloodstream of the child, as not able to go through the placenta.To enhance their action is never used adrenaline, which causes heart palpitations and high blood pressure.Some clinics have a special laser equipment, with which the processing cavity occurs entirely without pain.
To teeth become a dangerous source of infection, an obstetrician-gynecologist regularly sends a woman to consult a dentist.In this case, caries can be detected in the beginning, when there is tooth enamel white spot, and treat a variety of methods to strengthen the enamel, e.g., by application with calcium on the teeth.
Sometimes pregnant women tooth decay begins immediately on several teeth (multiple caries) in such a case is assigned a combined general and local treatment.As a general treatment prescribed vitamins C, B1 and calcium and phosphorus into during the month.It helps to restore tooth enamel.As a topical treatment is carried out remineralization therapy in the form of applications to the surface of teeth 10% solution of calcium gluconate 10-15 procedures for 10-15 minutes.By
dentistry fluorine compounds should be treated with caution.But as the prevention of dental caries can be used toothpaste with fluoride.
surface caries appears short-lived pain from chemical irritants (from sweet, sour, salty) and the emergence of a certain roughness of enamel.At this stage of caries is treated simply.On the smooth surface of a dental carious lesions ground off, and then the polished tooth enamel to settle on it less bacteria.If the surface caries struck the chewing surface of the tooth, it dissected sealing.
Middle caries appears toothache toothache - is not itself held not only on the chemical, but also on the temperature (hot and cold) stimuli, and the process proceeds to carious dentin (the hard tissue of the tooth beneath the enamel).This process is treated as cavity preparation, during which it is cleaned of carious details about caries - take care of your teeth is too late tissue and then sealing.Such cavities can still be treated in one visit to the dentist.
deep caries is pain that appears not only on the chemical and thermal stimuli, but by mechanical action, for example, from chewing food.This is because the hard tissues of the tooth is completely destroyed and opened access to the soft tissue of the tooth (the pulp), distinguished by a special tenderness, as it contains many nerve endings.In this case, treat the tooth in a single visit does not, at first Prepare a cavity in the tooth is then imposed a temporary filling (dentists call it medical bandage) with medication.And if, within one to two weeks is no pain, temporary filling replaced by a constant.
caries prevention during pregnancy
caries prevention stems from its causes, ie the rapid loss of the enamel of the teeth enamel : protection, this Nature mineral salts and reduce immunity.
To fill in the body of calcium pregnant women should take vitamin and mineral supplements, but not all, and designed specifically for pregnant women.In addition, well, if it is to eat more dairy products - they contain a lot of calcium.Especially useful for pregnant dairy products, they will simultaneously improve health and intestines.
Much attention should be paid to oral care: brushing teeth How to brush your teeth: interesting facts should be twice a day, rinse your mouth - after each meal and then just for the bacteria no chance to breed, and thatIt is the main task of preventing tooth decay.