How often expectant mothers are faced with illnesses during pregnancy, which did not even know.It seems, from where I had a disease before pregnancy because I have nothing suffered.There are certain diseases that are specific to pregnancy.They arise as a result of hormonal changes organism increased load on the cardio-vascular, urinary, and other systems.Typically, after delivery, these diseases disappear, but sometimes can lead to chronic and processes.
most frequent diseases during pregnancy
There are three main diseases in pregnant women, which are often found expectant mothers.And in this age of high speeds, impaired ecology and hectic life of at least one of these conditions will have to face:
- iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy;
- preeclampsia pregnancy;
- gestational pyelonephritis.
Iron deficiency anemia pregnant
anemia or anemia - a decrease in hemoglobin below 110 g / L, red blood cells below 3.5 million. / L and hematocrit (a measure of blood clots) to 0,30-0.33,
- mild - hemoglobin levels 110-90 g / l;
- moderate degree - hemoglobin is 89-80 g / l;
- severe degree - hemoglobin below 80g / l.
clinical picture depends on the severity.In mild anemia in pregnant women can not complain, symptoms are more severe when.It may be a weakness, dizziness, lethargy, drowsiness, split hair, brittle nails.Treatment of anemia is iron prescribing and normalization supply (liver, buckwheat, fish, eggs, legumes).Treatment should continue even after normalization of hemoglobin in order to make up for its depots in the body.
Under urinary tract infections imply the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract: bladder - cystitis Cystitis : urgently take measures , kidney - pyelonephritis, urinary (isolated) - bacteriuria.The most common gestational pyelonephritis, which is associated with the development of pregnancy hormone - progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology , compression of the pregnant uterus of the urinary tract and the presence of foci of chronic infection (caries, tonsillitis).Progesterone relaxes the smooth muscles of intestine and the urinary tract, resulting in constipation, impaired blood supply to the kidneys and ureters are elongated, crimped, with a plurality of kinks.This disrupts the flow of urine from the kidneys and promotes adherence infection.There are serous and purulent pyelonephritis.The clinic serous pyelonephritis erased, but the purulent pyelonephritis occurs with severe symptoms: fever, dysuric disorders (frequent, painful urination), fatigue, malaise.Treatment of gestational pyelonephritis is to appoint anti-inflammatory therapy, uroseptikov, infusion therapy.
Preeclampsia, or toxemia of late, develops exclusively during pregnancy and is directly related to the presence of the ovum.Typically, preeclampsia occurs with 16-20 weeks of pregnancy.The earlier the disease manifested itself, the harder it is leaking.After delivery, the symptoms of preeclampsia taper off during the week.The classical triad of preeclampsia - is the appearance of edema, high blood pressure, the appearance of protein in the urine protein in the urine - a sign of danger, which should not be underestimated .Sometimes, as such, no swelling (edema hidden) of their identify abnormal weight gain (more than 400 grams per week) and sample McClure-Aldrich.The essence of the sample is to introduce intradermal saline, and then note the time of resorption papules (less than 35 minutes confirms edema).In severe cases, you may pre-eclampsia and eclampsia.Preeclampsia (preconvulsive syndrome) is shown flashing flies before his eyes, nasal congestion, tinnitus, and headache.Left untreated, preeclampsia becomes eclampsia when there are seizures, and the woman faints.This condition can lead to death of the mother and fetus.That is why it is important to early detection of preeclampsia.For treatment use starch solutions, dextran, aktovegin Aktovegin - without fear of negative consequences both.In no case can not be used diuretics since they will only aggravate the condition (excess fluid in the tissues is).