Chronic diseases and pregnancy: extragenital pathology
In recent years, more and more people have come to light various chronic diseases.This is due to the rhythm of life, impaired environment, improper and an unbalanced diet.Especially dangerous are chronic diseases in pregnant women.Each chronic disease that affects the course of pregnancy, and pregnancy, in turn, on the disease.That is why it is so important to the doctor not to remain silent about their disease, but rather how you can tell more about it.
What is chronic
Chronic or extragenital pathology - these are diseases which afflict women before pregnancy for a long time.Pregnant with the presence of extragenital pathology are at high risk and in need of a closer and careful observation is not only a gynecologist, and a specialist responsible for supervising the course of the disease before pregnancy.Chronic diseases during pregnancy requires advanced methods of inspection and correction doses of drugs, and perhaps change them safe for pregnancy.
Asthma and Pregnancy
Asthma - a chronic disease with an allergic component, characterized by attacks of breathlessness.Asthma does not affect the pregnancy, except in severe asthma, in which the pregnancy is generally contraindicated.Inhalers and other drugs necessary for the treatment of asthma are safe for pregnant women, so they can take the entire pregnancy.It is recommended to avoid contact with allergens.During pregnancy, a woman should always be under the supervision of a doctor, an allergist and, if necessary, to take tests to determine lung function.
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Diabetes - a disease associated with lack of insulin Principles of insulin - the science of saving lives (a hormone that breaks down blood sugar) produced by the pancreas.Diabetes dramatically reduces the ability to become pregnant and during pregnancy increases the risk of having a baby with macrosomia (large fruit), stillbirth, miscarriage and congenital malformations.In the presence of gestational diabetes mellitus regularly delivers blood sugar and is under the supervision of a therapist.If before pregnancy a woman was on the tablet forms of insulin, the pregnancy may require a shift in the treatment injections.The dose of insulin during pregnancy significantly increases as pregnancy may worsen the disease.
hypertension and pregnancy
About hypertensive disease say, when there is a rise in blood pressure to 140/90 or higher.In the first trimester of pregnancy, even blood pressure is reduced, but the main risk falls on the later stages of pregnancy.In less severe hypertensive disease pregnant complains of weakness, malaise, headache.Hypertensive heart disease increases the risk of kidney failure and hypertensive crisis.Also, its background is much more common gestosis that more severe until eclampsia.Increased pressure reduces blood flow to the placenta, resulting in possible intrauterine fetal development.Some of the drugs needed for the treatment of hypertension, are contraindicated during pregnancy, so this period is necessary, replace them with safer alternatives.During pregnancy, a regular monitoring of blood pressure and constant surveillance at vracha therapist.The drugs must be taken continuously, with a possible increase in dose or even adding additional medications.
Thyroid disease and pregnancy
Thyroid thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones may be associated with an excess or a deficiency of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism).If you have hypothyroidism thyroid hormone.Himself hypothyroidism can be a cause of miscarriage Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing? .Hyperthyroidism - a condition where the accelerated metabolic processes, can cause premature birth and intrauterine growth retardation.
pyelonephritis and pregnancy
pyelonephritis - an inflammatory disease of the kidneys.Pyelonephritis is prone to frequent exacerbations during pregnancy due to the nature of urinary tract in pregnant women.It requires constant preventive treatment and monitoring the entire pregnancy with a doctor-nephrologist.Pyelonephritis can cause premature birth, preeclampsia and intrauterine fetal infection.A pregnant are at increased risk of renal failure and bacterial shock.
Despite all the features of the treatment of each disease during pregnancy, all pregnant women are in need of prophylactic treatment of intrauterine growth retardation, fetal hypoxia fetal hypoxia - the consequences of lack of oxygen in the body , miscarriage and preeclampsia.