Habitual miscarriage: you have to believe
Probably not unhappy woman than the one in which coveted and long-awaited pregnancy ended in miscarriage.And if it is not one, but two, three or more miscarriages?A woman depressed Depression - a little more than a bad mood , feels inadequate and guilty.But before you put on a cross, it may be wise to understand, why is it happening over and over again?A competent doctor, and many causes of recurrent miscarriage can be eliminated.But unfortunately, not all rush to their problems to a specialist, hoping that the next pregnancy will still be successful.
habitual miscarriage - a spontaneous abortion two or more times up to 28 weeks.There are initial recurrent miscarriage when all pregnancies ended in failure, and secondary - miscarriage after successful pregnancies.According to statistics, about 85% of spontaneous abortion falls on her first trimester (12 weeks), and 15% of the interrupt occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy.
reasons for recurrent miscarriage
reasons that lead to recurrent miscarriage, a lot, and often they act in a complex that is several.They can be divided into main groups:
- chromosomal abnormalities;
- hormonal disorders;
- bleeding disorders;
- immunological factors;
- malformations and diseases of the uterus;
- violation of the cervix;
- other (infections, bad habits, bad working conditions).
Chromosomal abnormalities - one of the frequent causes of abortion up to 12 weeks.It can be both a violation of quantitative composition of chromosomes and quality - a violation of the structure of chromosomes.The most common trisomy when no embryo position 46 chromosomes, and one more.Chromosomal abnormalities are rarely wears before the deadline, but if it happens, a child is born with severe developmental disabilities and mental retardation Mental retardation - if the mind is underdeveloped (Down syndrome).The risk of chromosomal abnormalities increases with age women.
most common cause of hormonal imbalance - a deficiency of the luteal phase.The essence of the violation is an insufficient effect of progesterone on the endometrium.This may occur either due to insufficient progesterone production by the corpus luteum of menstruation (the endometrium is not prepared to fully ovum implantation) or insufficient progesterone production by the placenta (in this case, the pregnancy is terminated after 10 weeks).
Increased blood clotting leads to miscarriage Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing? .One of the most common bleeding disorders is antiphospholipid syndrome, in which the placenta clots are formed in plural numbers.Pregnancy with antiphospholipid syndrome terminated up to 10 weeks.
anomalies and diseases of the uterus
often cause miscarriage is abnormal development of the uterus (intrauterine septum, or the two-horned horned uterus, intrauterine adhesions).Due to the size of the listed diseases of the uterus is much smaller than normal, leading to abortion in later periods (16-20 weeks).Uterine fibroids, endometriosis, endometrial polyps, other than reducing the size of plodovmestilischa (oral) and lead to disruption of the blood supply to the uterus.
Violation of the cervix
failure of the cervix leads to prolapse (protrusion) membranes, which causes premature cervical dilatation and abortion in the second trimester.
survey in habitual miscarriage
For the purpose of treatment and determine the cause of recurrent miscarriage is necessary to pass a special examination:
- consultation genetics and cytogenetic tests for chromosomal abnormalities in both parents;
- definition of hormonal status in the mother, the analysis of blood clotting;
- pelvic ultrasound;
- cytogenetic study tissue aborted fetuses;
- hysteroscopy and metrosalpingography;
- endometrial biopsy;
- tests for infection assays infection - an important indicator , including on diseases transmitted through sexual contact.
How to deal with recurrent pregnancy loss?
Treatment of recurrent miscarriage depend on the cause, he was summoned.To start the fight with miscarriage is necessary before the start of pregnancy.Malformations and diseases of the uterus removed surgically, increased blood clotting antiplatelet treat infections - anti-inflammatory drugs.Adjust the hormonal status, eliminate all harmful external factors (hard work, smoking, adverse ecological conditions).In the case of recurrent miscarriage as a result of chromosomal abnormalities is recommended IVF.When insolvency practice cervical suture it.
main thing to remember that the habitual miscarriage - not a sentence and in any case there is a way to help conceive and bear a healthy child.