Weight gain in pregnancy: norm and pathology
weight gain during pregnancy of concern to many women.How much should you put on weight for all 40 weeks, consistent with normal?Some pregnant women consider themselves too "with round" and begin to starve, while others justify immoderate appetite words: "I - the expectant mother!" And eat for two.Although malnutrition and overeating leads not only to pathologies in the development of the child, but also to various complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
Weight gain during pregnancy is a completely natural state, because the future of the baby needed nutrients, vitamins and minerals for the growth, deposition of adipose tissue in women protect the child and, in addition, increased uterine weight, blood and so on.
How are the extra kilos during pregnancy?
On average, a healthy pregnancy for the entire period of gaining weight 10-15 kg.Weight gain during pregnancy depends on many factors: initial body weight a woman, her constitutional features, the diet and the number of embryos:
- if normal weight, gain during pregnancy is 11,5-16 kg;
- with insufficient weight gain should be 12,5-18 kg;
- overweight - an increase 7-11,5 kg;
- obesity - an increase of 6 kg or less;
- multiple pregnancies - an increase of 16-21 kg.
consumption typed body weight:
- child - 2.5-3.8 kg;
- growing placenta - 500-600 m;
- enlarged uterus - 1 kg;
- breast enlargement - 500 g;
- increase in blood volume - 1.5 kg;
- amniotic fluid - 800-1000 g;
- interstitial fluid - 1.5-2 kg;
- additional deposits in the subcutaneous fat (in the buttocks, thighs and abdomen) - 3-4 kg.
How is weight gain and what determines
Rate of weight gain is different - you can add more than one monthand the other downward.It is noted that thin women gain weight more than full.Some women gain weight from the earliest stages of pregnancy, and then slow down the pace, while others are beginning to dramatically gain weight after 20 weeks of gestation.Both the first and second variant is not a pathology, if not beyond the scope optimum weight gain.
In the first trimester of a woman with a normal body weight adds 1.5 kg underweight - 2 kg, while overweight - 800 gr.In the second and third trimesters pace accelerated weight gain.In the period from 14 to 28 weeks pregnant with normal weight weekly gathering of 300 gr.And before delivery, at 38-40 weeks is a decrease in body weight of 400-800 grams - is one of the forerunners of sorts.
impact of nutrition on the weight gain
diet of pregnant women should be diverse, moderately nutritious and fortified.Many women during pregnancy increases the appetite, and they "lean" on sweets and pastries that contributes to the accumulation of excess fat.In the first 12-14 weeks of the woman should receive 200 extra calories in the second and third trimester - about 300. Overeating threatens not only problems with the figure in the postpartum period, and cellulite, but also the birth of a large baby and gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes: identify and treat .Malnutrition leads to brain damage and impaired metabolism of the fetus, its low weight and the propensity to disease after birth.In severe cases, malnutrition can lead to the threat of miscarriage Miscarriage - whether it can be insured? or premature birth or even death of the fetus.