Candidiasis of the gastrointestinal tract - is one of the most common diseases.There it is, for various reasons, but the most common is uncontrolled, non-prescription, antibiotics.To cure a runny nose bacterial antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? , of course, is easy, but then treat candidiasis are not so simple.
Why can occur candidiasis gastrointestinal
in the first place - is, of course, long-term use of antibiotics, which is, first, reduces the amount of normal intestinal flora, which in turn is the cause of uncontrolledreproduction of conditionally pathogenic, including fungi genus Candida.Second, after a course of antibiotics is always reduced immunity, and mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract becomes defenseless against fungal infection fungal infection: to prevent and defeat .
ill candidiasis gastrointestinal tract can also be infected by patients with candidiasis or affected by fungi of the genus Candida fruits and veg
Prone to lesions of the gastrointestinal tract people suffering from diseases that are accompanied by a decrease in immunity.It diabetes mellitus - threatening and incurable disease , some endocrine disorders and so on.Also, often, these lesions occur in patients with chronic infectious-inflammatory diseases, which are often forced to take antibiotics.First of all, it is chronic broncho-pulmonary and renal system.Reduced immunity and receiving glucocorticoid (steroid) hormones (prednisone, dexamethasone, and others), so patients taking them permanently or as part of the course should be periodically evaluated for candidiasis.
How is candidiasis gastrointestinal
first sign of defeat gastrointestinal fungi of the genus Candida is usually a loss of appetite.Often, the patient has a bad taste in the mouth, changed the taste of certain foods.With the defeat of the fungus pharyngeal mucosa may be violated swallowing.Often these symptoms are accompanied by the appearance features of oral thrush - white curd form films on the inside of the cheeks and lips.But it also happens that the mucous membrane of the mouth is clean.
After a while, the first manifestations of candidiasis join nausea and vomiting.With the vomit may be released cheesy film and streaks of blood - a sign of inflammation and irritation of the gastric mucosa.With continued illness of the patient may appear loose stools with mucus and bloody, it is also possible the emergence of small cheesy inclusions.
disease can occur with increasing temperature, but may be at a normal temperature.If any version of the current general condition of the patient is suffering: there is lethargy, weakness, malaise, significantly reduced performance.
Candidiasis of the gastrointestinal tract is dangerous because it can move to other organs, as well as to adopt a generalized (with the defeat of the whole body) form.
Suspected candidiasis doctor can after a conversation with a patient and thorough examination.Candidiasis of the gastrointestinal tract is rarely come from nowhere.Typically, such patients or received any medicines that reduce immunity (antibiotics, steroids), or had some other reasons for the decline of immunity (eg, hormonal changes, or diabetes).
To confirm the diagnosis of candidiasis is carried out laboratory testing of vomit and feces of the patient.Under the microscope in such cases, you can see the accumulation of fungi of the genus Candida and yarns.Also makes crops vomit and feces to detect and identify infectious agent.
can identify the pathogen and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - in this case the result of the analysis are available much earlier than when sowing.
Antibodies to fungi of the genus Candida can be detected in the blood by using special immunological reactions.
performed to confirm the diagnosis and endoscopic (using a special optical instrument) examination of the stomach and intestines.
Treatment and prevention
Treatment of candidiasis gastrointestinal carried out using antifungals (eg, fluconazole).When minor illnesses are treated on an outpatient basis, but if the disease is difficult, the patients treated in the hospital.At the same time trying to eliminate the factor that caused candidiasis, for example, to treat diabetes or some hormonal disturbance Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous .
prevention of candidiasis is that prolonged treatment with antibiotics or steroids to prevent candida prescribed antifungal agents.Also needed careful handling dishes, fresh fruits and vegetables in hospitals and eating places.