Thyroid disease in adolescents: it is important to react
- Thyroid disease in adolescents: it is important to react
- Hyperthyroidism Hypothyroidism
thyroid gland - a small gland located under the skin and muscles on the front ofneck, about where wear a bow tie.It is a brownish-red color, has two separate halves (called fractions) that look like butterfly wings.In addition, she and light as a butterfly, usually weigh less than '30
Despite its small size, the thyroid gland is very important for the body, especially for teenagers.It produces hormones that help control metabolism improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting and growth.In order to carry out their work, the thyroid gland needs iodine chemical element which the body gets from food and water.Throughout the human body contains approximately 50 mg of iodine.1/5 to 1/3 of this amount (10-15 mg) was stored in the thyroid gland.The thyroid gland combined iodine and tyrosine (an amino acid) and important hormones are produced.
Thyroid hormones are extracted from it and traveling through the bloodstream, enter the cells of the body.They help manage growth and bone structure, puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path and many other body functions.Helping cells to process oxygen and calories into energy that they need to work well, these hormones are very important to determine the correct maturity.Thyroid hormones directly affect the operation of most of the organs of the body.So if your thyroid gland is not working properly, you may have problems in different parts of the body.
What is thyroid disease
Thyroid disease appear when the iron body does not provide the necessary amount of hormones.If the thyroid gland is too active, it emits excessive amounts of hormones into the blood, which leads to hyperthyroidism ("hyper" - the Greek word for "over" or "above").Hyperthyroidism causes the body to use energy faster than you need, and reactivity (metabolism) in the cells are accelerated.
If the thyroid gland is less active than you need and produces too little hormone, it leads to hypothyroidism ("hypo" means "below" or "lower").When the amount of thyroid hormone Thyroid hormones: mechanism of action and physiological effects in the blood is too low, the body uses energy slower than it should, and reactivity (metabolism) in the cells slows down.
Although these are two different diseases, and in hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism: increased secretion of thyroid hormone thyroid gland may increase.Enlarged thyroid gland looks like a tumor under the skin that can be felt.When it is increased so that it can be clearly seen, it is called a goiter.People who do not get enough iodine from food, too, can suffer from goitre.But in the US, such cases are rare, the food is usually contains enough iodine.
thyroid disease, growth and puberty
During puberty, the body is very noticeable changes occur.Since thyroid hormones play an important role in this process, thyroid disease can slow or interfere with the physical development of the adolescent.But it is important to know that all developing at different ages and different rates.If your boyfriend or girlfriend suddenly increased by ten centimeters, and you do not, it does not mean that you have a health problem, or even thyroid in particular.
Thyroid problems can cause changes in the menstrual cycle in women.These diseases may cause an increase or decrease of menstruation and changes in the period between periods.However, women who have just begun menstruation cycle may be irregular for about the first year, so usually there to worry about.
If there is a suspicion of thyroid disease should consult a doctor.Perhaps the problem is something else.But if you still found a thyroid disorder, diagnosis and proper treatment (including the restoration of normal levels of thyroid hormones in the blood) generally prevent or solve any problems.