Aspiration (foreign substances from entering the respiratory tract) occurs in children more often than adults.Adults should be especially alert in this respect: Do not allow young children to play with small objects, do not allow to indulge in a meal, and so on.
Causes and consequences of aspiration in children during childbirth
Aspiration of a substance in the airways threatened children at the moment of birth.For example, in the respiratory system of the child during labor can enter the amniotic fluid or mucus from the birth canal.Most often this happens in premature beginning of the respiratory movements, which can occur with chronic or acute oxygen deficiency in the fetus (fetal hypoxia).
cause of fetal hypoxia fetal hypoxia - the consequences of lack of oxygen in the body often a fetoplacental insufficiency placental insufficiency - a deviation from the norm , which develops against the background of various diseases mother, toxemia of pregnancy, whenviolation of patency of
consequence such aspirates are usually airway inflammation, e.g., aspiration pneumonitis (pneumonia).
Causes and consequences of aspiration in newborn babies
Newborn children are often aspiration mother's milk or formula milk Dairy mixture -the choice of useful food .There is usually at regurgitation, if a large enough volume of spit up milk.Therefore, a newborn child is recommended to lay on the flank, turning to the side and head.
also possible aspiration of milk during breastfeeding if the mother's breast closes nostrils child.In this case, the milk from the mouth during inhalation can get into the respiratory system.The same thing happens if the child during feeding too throws back a head (it contributes little disclosure of the glottis, through which the milk from the mouth enters the bronchi), that is, if his mother was wrong to apply to the chest.
Premature infants, or simply weak milk aspiration can occur due to violations of swallowing reflex and lack of coordination between sucking and swallowing the one hand, and the breath of the other.
aspiration of vomit and mucus can occur in infants with congenital malformations of the gastrointestinal tract, for example, if disrupted the passage of the milk through the esophagus during its contraction.The same situation occurs in a variety of perinatal lesions of the central nervous system of the child, who developed the sudden lack of oxygen during birth (birth asphyxia, caused, for example, at the neck of the fetus by the umbilical cord entwining), birth trauma Birth injuries - than they threaten your child? , severe fetal diseases (for example, intrauterine infection).
Causes and consequences of aspiration in children older than one year
In children older than one year of aspiration often occur when not enough attentive care.This natural curiosity of a young child causes him to swallow any object - is his way of knowing the environment.If the object is very small, then the child can swallow it, or, or to breathe through the mouth, and the subject together with air gets into the respiratory tract.Aspiration may occur and solid pieces of food at feeding time.
after aspiration of dense nutrients or other hard objects can be overridden lumen of the trachea or main bronchus and breathing difficulties occur sharply, accompanied by a strong cough.The child in this case quickly becomes blue and pants.If the cough helps to remove the item from the bronchus and the child has no immediate help, it can suffocate.
When clogged bronchial tubes of small diameter can occur pulmonary atelectasis.Lung tissue is made up of small sacs (alveoli) at the end of the smallest bronchi, which is filled with air (during inspiration), then blown away (during exhalation).If you do not straighten atelectasis alveoli during inspiration.May develop aspiration pneumonia.
When inhaled fluid should immediately suck it using special equipment (electric pumps).If you do not have electric pumps, it is possible to suck the liquid with a rubber catheter.
If in the child's airway hit a hard object, it will be possible to remove it only with bronchoscopy - medical manipulation, which is carried out using a special optical equipment.
aspiration in children often occurs when negligence of adults.With proper care for children in most cases aspiration could have been avoided.