- Antihistamines Children struggling with allergies with caution
- For newborns
Some antihistamines - such as promethazine and alimemazine - not recommended for childrenup to two years.For the treatment of allergic disease in a young child is first necessary to consult a doctor, who will select the most secure form of child antihistamines.
Antihistamines - a medication for the treatment of various allergic diseases.Antihistamines block the action of histamine, a substance released by the immune system in allergic reactions.
Antihistamines are suitable for the treatment of allergy symptoms - including a runny nose, itching, sneezing and allergic skin rashes and other skin reactions to the allergen, whether it is an insect bite, or certain foods.Some antihistamines are available only by prescription, but most of the drugs available over the counter without a prescription.Antihistamines are produced in the form of tablets, ointments, nasal sprays, eye drops.
Antihistamines block the release of histamine, a chemical emitted by mast cells in the body's response to an allergen.Histamine causes inflammation and irritation of the respiratory tract, causing runny nose and increased secretion of mucous secreting glands of the nasal cavity.
particularly effective antihistamines provided immediately prior to admission to an allergen.Regular intake of such drugs reduces the risk of allergies, as an antihistamine that reduces the amount of histamine released by mast cells.
The use of antihistamines
Antihistamines are prescribed to children, adolescents and adults for the treatment of allergies and allergic rhinitis Rhinitis: a runny nose - is seriously .Depending on the type of disease antihistamines may be administered either continuously or at certain times of year, when the human body is exposed to the allergen.In addition, depending on a set of symptoms view antihistamines may be different - this tablet and eye drops Drops for eyes - how to use them correctly? , and nasal sprays.
Antihistamines tablets, ointments, gels, sprays used to treat skin allergies, redness, rash and itching caused by insect bites or allergic contact dermatitis.
Antihistamines for children are available in the form of chewable tablets with a variety of fruit flavors, which quickly dissolve on the tongue, and syrups.
Some antihistamines have several side effects, which are used to treat other diseases.For example, first-generation antihistamines, other than a pronounced sedative effect, are also used to treat insomnia and various sleep disorders.Some antihistamines help with motion sickness, nausea, dizziness.
the list of the most popular antihistamines include:
- diphenhydramine (brand name Benadryl)
- loratadine (brand name Claritin)
- cetirizine (brand name Zyrtec)
- fexofenadine (brand name Allegra)
- clemastine fumarate (brand name Tavist)
- chlorpheniramine (trade name Chlor Trimeton)
- brompheniramine (trade name Dimetapp)
Some antihistamines cause drowsiness, although clinical trials have shown that children who take antihistamines are less prone to the emergence ofdrowsiness than adults.Some of the non-sedating antihistamines can act as stimulants to children, causing hyperactivity and insomnia.
Children with certain medical conditions to take antihistamines is not recommended.Some of these diseases include:
- Glaucoma Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness
- hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
- high blood pressure
- cardiovascular system
- ulcer or other gastric diseases
- liver disease, kidney disease
- obstruction of the bladder
The incidence and severity of side effects of antihistamines may be different depending on the drug.
The main side effects of antihistamines, associated with effects on the central nervous system include drowsiness, goovokruzhenie, loss of coordination, weakness, headache, blurred vision, hallucinations, insomnia and other sleep disorders Dreams: how to understand our dreams , weakness.
main side effects of antihistamines, associated with the work of the gastrointestinal system - increased appetite, decreased appetite, nausea, diarrhea, constipation.
Hematologic response to receiving antihistamines observed in very rare cases: it may be anemia, decrease in the number of platelets, reducing the number of white blood cells, bone marrow failure.