Alopecia in children: Causes of disease
Hair loss (alopecia) is a frightening and frustrating symptom for parents, especially in children that baldness really nobody expects.Unfortunately, hair loss is a common symptom, even the smallest.However, in many cases, hair loss is temporary and hair grows back again, baby.
Causes of hair loss
One of the classic causes of hair loss in children, which many people think - is hair loss associated with childhood cancer.Although these diseases can definitely cause hair loss usually leads to loss of hair not the cancer and its treatment such as chemotherapy or radiation (anagen alopecia).
telogen alopecia - another classic cause of hair loss in children, but parents often have little understanding of this condition.Telogenic miasma often in children who have recently suffered a disease, usually with high fever, surgery, sudden weight loss, or even emotional stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis , and then suddenly lost a lot of hair in the period from six weeks to three months.
Children with alopecia telogen continue to lose hair, often large scraps within a few weeks or months, to the point that their hair can significantly poredet.But then, after about six months, their hair starts to grow again, without any treatment.
believed that this hair loss is due to the fact that the main source of stress causes the baby's hair in a resting phase, or "sleeping phase"instead of the usual long-term growth phase.
Then they fall, at which time the new hairs grow back, followed by the normal cycle of hair growth.
Common causes of hair loss in children
Other common causes of hair loss in children and adolescents include:
- Ringworm Ringworm - not only infectious disease scalp (tinea scalpof the head).He is one of the most common causes of hair loss.It is usually easy to recognize by the characteristic features, including a red circular homes, hair loss and scaly border, which may itch.However, ringworm Ringworm - how not to be left without hair scalp may occur with less severe signs and symptoms, without peeling or itching, hair can break and get lost (chernotochechnaya trichophytosis).
- Bacterial infections can cause some hair loss, which can look like ringworm of the scalp from the peeling.But in this case it is not the ringworm, and aureus bacterium aureaus.
- traction alopecia occurs in children who wear tight braids or ponytails, and in newborns and infants who have hair on the back of the head drop due to friction on the bed.
- habit of dragging or stroking his hair occurs in infants and toddlers, as well as the habit of thumb sucking, pacifier sucking, or pull a blanket.It usually stops when the children reach the age of two to three years, as well as thumb sucking, although some continue to do so up to three to five years.This habit can be ignored, but because it can sometimes cause hair loss, it is possible to make the child a short haircut to save hair.
- Trichotillomania (compulsive habit to pull out the hair) is believed to be associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder and is defined as a child or teenager who compulsively pulls hair, a sense of tension before pulling or trying to resist pull-out and feels pleasure, gratification, or relief when yankshair.For these children there is a noticeable loss of hair, and they are often in need of treatment a child psychiatrist and / or a child psychologist who is an expert in trichotillomania.
- alopecia areata (alopecia areata) is considered to be an autoimmune disease (child's immune system attacks the hair follicles), which causes a complete loss of hair on a round or oval areas of the skin on the child's head or other body parts.Unlike ringworm, alopecia areata areas completely smooth, without redness and peeling.The treatment includes injection of steroids, and some modern medicines (eg, minoxidil, anthralin - cream or creams with a high content of steroids).Fortunately, often hair growth eventually recovers by itself.
- Alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis like alopecia areata.The difference is that the child loses all his hair (alopecia totalis) or on the head and all over his body (alopecia universalis).The chances of success in the treatment of these types of hair loss is less than in the treatment of alopecia areata.With any of these disorders is necessary to refer to a pediatric dermatologist.In addition to the already mentioned alopecia areata treatment, other treatments may include ultraviolet light therapy, steroids or cyclosporin.However, sometimes the best treatment is a high quality wig.
Other causes of hair loss
In addition to ringworm, hair pulling, traction alopecia, and other causes of hair loss, which have already been mentioned above, there are less common causes of hair loss.These include:
- thyroid disease, including both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
- diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus - threatening and incurable disease or iron deficiency anemia
- overdoseVitamin A
- structural abnormalities of the hair shaft, which usually leads to dry and brittle hair
Help with hair loss in children
If a child loses her hair, it is necessary as soon as possible address to the pediatrician.
doctor may be able to diagnose and treat common causes of hair loss, such as ringworm, traction alopecia areata and telogen.In the case of other diseases, including trichotillomania, and alopecia areata, a pediatrician is likely to send for further treatment to the appropriate specialist.